Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Angelica archangelica

garden angelica, archangel

synonym: Archangelica officinalis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotDothidealesFiliella pastinacae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia archangelicae
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthops basalis
rootvagrantCurculionidaeLiophloeus tessulatus
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia orphnata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEvacanthus interruptus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhaedon tumidulus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo crassa
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia illustrata
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafvagrantTriozidaeTrioza carpathica
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza sativae
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza angeliciphaga
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeKiefferia pericarpiicola
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura angelicae
flowergallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera carophila
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe heraclei
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara angelicae
leafgallTaphrinalesProtomyces macrosporus
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza angelicae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza archangelicae
leafminerTephritidaeEuleia heraclei
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia angelicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
root collarvagrantAphididaeDysaphis newskyi ossiannilssoni
leafvagrantsummer generationmainAphididaeCavariella archangelicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis angelicae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 2.viii.2022