Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Angelica

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit hidden Epermeniidae Epermenia devotella
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta vittata
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta levistici
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora angelicae
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes incertae sedis Asteromella chaerophylli
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Fusoidiella depressa
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella huubii
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia archangelicae
stem borer Curculionidae Lixus nordmanni
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Filiella pastinacae
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops campestris
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Graphosoma italicum
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthops basalis
root vagrant Curculionidae Liophloeus tessulatus
root borer Curculionidae Liparus germanus
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia c-nigrum
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia contigua
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia villosoviridescens
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xylena vetusta
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia pimpinellata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Rhyparia purpurata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia virgaureata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia tripunctaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia orphnata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia extraversaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia selinata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia trisignaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia absinthiata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subfuscata
flower vagrant Geometridae Chloroclystis v-ata
flower vagrant Geometridae Gymnoscelis rufifasciata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
leaf vagrant Papilionidae Papilio machaon
stem borer Anthomyzidae Paranthomyza nitida
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Evacanthus interruptus
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Fusiodiella depressa
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips flavus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Phaedon tumidulus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Oreina alpestris
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Oreina speciosa
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo thompsoni
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo crassa
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis rapae
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix curvipunctosa
leaf hidden doubtful Depressariidae Agonopterix yeatiana
leaf hidden main Depressariidae Agonopterix angelicella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix ciliella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix heracliana
unknown unknown Epermeniidae Epermenia falciformis
flower hidden Epermeniidae Epermenia strictellus
leaf miner Epermeniidae Epermenia aequidentellus
flower hidden Epermeniidae Phaulernis dentella
flower hidden Epermeniidae Phaulernis fulviguttella
flower borer Epermeniidae Epermenia profugella
leaf hidden Elachistidae Depressaria discipunctella
leaf hidden Elachistidae Depressaria sordidatella
flower hidden Tortricidae Pammene gallicana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
unknown unknown Tortricidae Aethes fennicana
fruit vagrant Tortricidae Aethes francillana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aculus aphanotrichus
unknown borer Syrphidae Cheilosia alpina
root borer Syrphidae Cheilosia illustrata
stem borer Syrphidae Cheilosia chrysocoma
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Trialeurodes vaporariorum
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
leaf gall doubtful Triozidae Trioza apicalis
leaf vagrant Triozidae Trioza lautereriella
leaf vagrant Triozidae Trioza mesembrina
leaf vagrant Triozidae Trioza carpathica
stem vagrant Aphididae Cavariella cicutae
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza sativae
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza angeliciphaga
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia heracleivora
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia bohemica
stem miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza glabra
fruit borer Agromyzidae Liriomyza lutea
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Kiefferia pericarpiicola
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia baggendorfi
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura angelicae
flower gall doubtful Cecidomyiidae Diodaulus traili
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera carophila
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe heraclei
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula braunii
leaf down Peronosporales Plasmopara angelicae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis heraclei
leaf gall Taphrinales Protomyces macrosporus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza angelicae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza angelicastri
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza angelicivora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza archangelicae
leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Phytomyza heracleana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza pastinacae
leaf miner Epermeniidae Epermenia chaerophyllella
leaf miner Tephritidae Cryptaciura rotundiventris
leaf miner Tephritidae Euleia heraclei
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia bistortae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia polygoni-vivipari
leaf pustule aecia UNKNOWN QUALIFIER Pucciniales Puccinia angelicae-mammillata
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia rigensis
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia angelicae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia karstenii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Semiaphis sphondylii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Dysaphis angelicae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyadaphis foeniculi
leaf vagrant Triozidae Trioza anthrisci
stem gall Curculionidae Lixus iridis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis nasturtii
root collar vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis newskyi ossiannilssoni
leaf vagrant summer generation main Aphididae Cavariella archangelicae
stem vagrant summer generation Aphididae Dysaphis apiifolia
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cavariella aegopodii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cavariella konoi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant summer generation rarely Aphididae Cavariella pastinacae
flower vagrant doubtful Aphididae Aphis grosmannae
leaf vagrant summer generation rarely Aphididae Cavariella theobaldi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 7.i.2023