Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Smyrnium alexanders

(For a dichotomous table for galls on Smyrnium by Hans Roskam click here)

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a mine full depth; larva with chitinised head: Orthochaetes insignis

1b mine upper- or lower-surface, greenish when lighted from behind; larva a maggot => 2

1c gallen etc => Tabellen voor alle parasieten per soort

2a blotch mine, with conspicuous secondary feeding lines: Euleia heraclei

2b long, irregular, corridor; no recognisable feeding lines: Phytomyza smyrnii

Tables for all parasites per species

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