Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Heracleum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootvagrantCurculionidaeLiophloeus tessulatus
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia pagana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina alpestris
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina ganglbaueri
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhaedon tumidulus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo moniliata
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips vulgatissimus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mesomela
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix angelicella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix ciliella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix heracliana
flowerhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix caucasiella
unknownunknownTortricidaeAethes kasyi
flowerhiddenEpermeniidaePhaulernis dentella
flowerhiddenEpermeniidaePhaulernis fulviguttella
leafhiddenUnknown code!EpermeniidaeEpermenia illigerella
flowerborerEpermeniidaeEpermenia farreni
flowerhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria radiella
flowerhiddenTortricidaeEpinotia thapsiana
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria discipunctella
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria sordidatella
flowerhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria heydenii
flowerhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria depressana
fruitborerTortricidaePammene aurana
flowerhiddenTortricidaePammene gallicana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
fruitvagrantTortricidaeAethes dilucidana
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia heraclei
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia illustrata
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeCalosirus apicalis
stemborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeLixus bardanae
stemminerCecidomyiidaeResseliella syringogenea
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafgalldoubtfulTriozidaeTrioza apicalis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyadaphis foeniculi
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza chaerophylli
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza nigrissima
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza limata
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza heracleana
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza angeliciphaga
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia heracleivora
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia bohemica
fruitborerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza lutea
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
systemicgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus anthrisci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeKiefferia pericarpiicola
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia nicolayi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera carophila
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe heraclei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula braunii
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara nivea
leafgallAphididaeParamyzus heraclei
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia heraclei
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis heraclei
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphridium umbelliferarum
leafgallTaphrinalesProtomyces macrosporus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza heraclei
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza angelicae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza heracleana
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza pastinacae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza sphondyliivora
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza spondylii
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya vanduzeei
leafminerEpermeniidaeEpermenia chaerophyllella
leafminerTephritidaeCryptaciura rotundiventris
leafminerTephritidaeEuleia heraclei
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia nitidula
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces graminis
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia heraclei
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia corteyi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSemiaphis sphondylii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis lauberti
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus heraclei
leafvagrantTriozidaeTrioza anthrisci
stemborerCecidomyiidaeLasioptera stelteri
stemborerCerambycidaePhytoecia cylindrica
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCurculionidaeLixus iridis
stemgallCynipidaeTimaspis heraclei
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnuraphis subterranea
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis crataegi
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis brohmeri
root collarvagrantAphididaeDysaphis newskyi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella archangelicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
flowervagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis grosmannae
leafvagrantsummer generationmainAphididaeCavariella pastinacae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 7.viii.2020