Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Heracleum sphondylium

hogweed

synonym: Heracleum australe, laciniatum

See Sheppard (0000a)

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePhaedon tumidulus
rootvagrantCurculionidaeLiophloeus tessulatus
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia pagana
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina alpestris
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips vulgatissimus
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix angelicella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix ciliella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix heracliana
flowerhiddenEpermeniidaePhaulernis dentella
flowerhiddenEpermeniidaePhaulernis fulviguttella
leafhiddenUnknown code!EpermeniidaeEpermenia illigerella
flowerborerEpermeniidaeEpermenia farreni
flowerhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria radiella
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria discipunctella
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria sordidatella
flowerhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria depressana
fruitborerTortricidaePammene aurana
flowerhiddenTortricidaePammene gallicana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
fruitvagrantTortricidaeAethes dilucidana
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia heraclei
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia illustrata
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeCalosirus apicalis
stemminerCecidomyiidaeResseliella syringogenea
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza limata
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza heracleana
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza angeliciphaga
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia heracleivora
fruitborerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza lutea
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza apicalis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeKiefferia pericarpiicola
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia nicolayi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera carophila
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe heraclei
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara nivea
leafgallAphididaeParamyzus heraclei
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia heraclei
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis heraclei
leafgallTaphrinalesProtomyces macrosporus
leafgallTaphrinalesTaphridium umbelliferarum
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza heraclei
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza angelicae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza heracleana
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza sphondyliivora
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza pastinacae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza spondylii
leafminerEpermeniidaeEpermenia chaerophyllella
leafminerTephritidaeCryptaciura rotundiventris
leafminerTephritidaeEuleia heraclei
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia nitidula
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia heraclei
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis lauberti
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSemiaphis sphondylii
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus heraclei
leafvagrantTriozidaeTrioza anthrisci
stemborerCecidomyiidaeLasioptera stelteri
stemborerCerambycidaePhytoecia cylindrica
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCurculionidaeLixus iridis
stemgallCynipidaeTimaspis heraclei
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnuraphis subterranea
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis crataegi
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis brohmeri
root collarvagrantAphididaeDysaphis newskyi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella archangelicae
leafvagrantsummer generationmainAphididaeCavariella pastinacae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

FILTER AND SORT TABLE

To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 7.viii.2020