Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pastinaca sativa

wild parsnip

synonym: Pastinaca lutea, sativa subsp. prattensis, sativa subsp. sylvestris, sylvestris; Peucedanum sativum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem borer Curculionidae Lixus umbellatarum
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora pastinacae
leaf leaf spot Pleosporales Mycocentrospora acerina
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Spilostethus saxatilis
leaf leaf spot Dothideales Filiella pastinacae
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Graphosoma italicum
root borer doubtful Curculionidae Liparus tenebrioides
stem borer Cerambycidae Musaria affinis
stem borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia icterica
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aspitates gilvaria
stem borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia cylindrica
leaf vagrant rarely Zygaenidae Zygaena cynarae
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia extraversaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia trisignaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia absinthiata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subfuscata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subumbrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia virgaureata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia tripunctaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
flower vagrant Papilionidae Papilio alexanor
leaf vagrant Papilionidae Papilio machaon
root borer Psilidae Chamaepsila rosae
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx atropunctata
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Hypera pastinacae
leaf hidden Elachistidae Depressaria hofmanni
stem gall Curculionidae Lixus iridis
leaf hidden Elachistidae Depressaria douglasella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix angelicella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix ciliella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix heracliana
flower borer Epermeniidae Epermenia farreni
flower hidden Elachistidae Depressaria radiella
leaf hidden Elachistidae Depressaria discipunctella
leaf hidden Elachistidae Depressaria sordidatella
flower hidden Tortricidae Pammene gallicana
flower hidden Elachistidae Depressaria depressana
fruit vagrant Tortricidae Aethes dilucidana
fruit vagrant Tortricidae Aethes beatricella
fruit vagrant Tortricidae Aethes francillana
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia heraclei
root borer Syrphidae Cheilosia illustrata
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis heraclei
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cavariella archangelicae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Semiaphis pastinacae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza sativae
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza angeliciphaga
fruit borer Agromyzidae Liriomyza lutea
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae mordvilkoi
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia pastinacae
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Kiefferia pericarpiicola
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera carophila
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis laserpitii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe heraclei
leaf down Peronosporales Plasmopara pastinacae
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma pastinacae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria peucedani
leaf gall Taphrinales Protomyces macrosporus
leaf gall doubtful Triozidae Trioza apicalis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza pastinacae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza spondylii
leaf miner Epermeniidae Epermenia chaerophyllella
leaf miner Tephritidae Euleia heraclei
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Uromyces lineolatus
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Triozidae Trioza anthrisci
stem borer Agromyzidae Napomyza lateralis
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anuraphis subterranea
root collar vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis bonomii
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Dysaphis crataegi kunzei
stem vagrant summer generation Aphididae Dysaphis apiifolia
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cavariella aegopodii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cavariella pastinacae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyadaphis foeniculi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Cavariella theobaldi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.iii.2023