Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Pastinaca sativa

wild parsnip

synonym: Pastinaca sativa subsp. sylvestris, sylvestris; Peucedanum sativum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera pastinacae
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria hofmanni
stemgallCurculionidaeLixus iridis
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria douglasella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix angelicella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix ciliella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix heracliana
flowerborerEpermeniidaeEpermenia farreni
flowerhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria radiella
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria discipunctella
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria sordidatella
flowerhiddenTortricidaePammene gallicana
flowerhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria depressana
fruitvagrantTortricidaeAethes dilucidana
fruitvagrantTortricidaeAethes beatricella
fruitvagrantTortricidaeAethes francillana
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia heraclei
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia illustrata
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis heraclei
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella archangelicae
leafvagrantAphididaeSemiaphis pastinacae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza sativae
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza angeliciphaga
fruitborerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza lutea
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae mordvilkoi
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia pastinacae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeKiefferia pericarpiicola
flowergallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera carophila
flowergallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis laserpitii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe heraclei
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara pastinacae
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma pastinacae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria peucedani
leafgallTaphrinalesProtomyces macrosporus
leafgalldoubtfulTriozidaeTrioza apicalis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza pastinacae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza spondylii
leafminerEpermeniidaeEpermenia chaerophyllella
leafminerTephritidaeEuleia heraclei
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces lineolatus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantTriozidaeTrioza anthrisci
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnuraphis subterranea
root collarvagrantAphididaeDysaphis bonomii
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis crataegi kunzei
stemvagrantsummer generationAphididaeDysaphis apiifolia
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella aegopodii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella pastinacae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyadaphis foeniculi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCavariella theobaldi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 5.i.2021