Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Astrantia

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Elachistidae Depressaria heydenii
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta astrantiaecola
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia oreophila
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia villosoviridescens
stem borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia cylindrica
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia tripunctaria
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Oreina liturata
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix ciliella
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix astrantiae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant Triozidae Trioza schrankii
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe heraclei
leaf leaf spot Helotiales Leptotrochila astrantiae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza astrantiae
leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Phytomyza spondylii
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia sedana
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia polygoni-vivipari
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia astrantiae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyadaphis foeniculi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.i.2023