Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Eryngium campestre

field eryngo

see Yus Ramos, Verdugo Páez & Coello García (2019a).

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris vandalicus
predatorEupelmidaeEupelmus impennis
predatorEupelmidaeEupelmus vesicularis
predatorEupelmidaeEupelmus seculatus
predatorEupelmidaeEupelmus barai
predatorTortricidaePseudotorymus sapphyrinus
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeSpilostethus saxatilis
leafvagrantMiridaeBrachycoleus sexvittatus
leafvagrantMiridaeBrachycoleus triangularis
leafvagrantMiridaeCalocoris roseomaculatus
leafvagrantMiridaeBrachycoleus decolor
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris serenus
leafvagrantTingidaeCatoplatus horvathi
leafvagrantLygaeidaeBagrada abeillei
leafvagrantLygaeidaeBagrada amoenula
leafvagrantPentatomidaeCodophila varia
leafvagrantAlydidaeAlydus calcaratus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeTholagmus flavolineatus
fruitvagrantPentatomidaeAncyrosoma leucogrammes
leafvagrantScutelleridaeOdontotarsus purpureolineatus
leafvagrantScutelleridaeOdontotarsus rufescens
leafvagrantScutelleridaeOdontotarsus robustus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeGraphosoma semipunctatum
fruitvagrantCoreidaeCoreus marginatus
rootvagrantCurculionidaeLiophloeus tessulatus
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
scaleOrtheziidaeOrthezia maroccana
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEuxoa mendelis
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena rubicundus
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena sarpedon
leafhiddendoubtfulHesperiidaeErynnis tages
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena punctum
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena laeta
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena minos
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena erythrus
leafvagrantdoubtfulZygaenidaeZygaena diaphana
stemborerdoubtfulBuprestidaeAnthaxia cyanescens
stemborerBuprestidaeAnthaxia hypomelaena
stemborerBuprestidaeAcmaeoderella cyanipennis
rootborerBuprestidaeSphenoptera rauca
leafvagrantTingidaeCatoplatus carthusianus
leafhiddenPyralidaeUdea institalis
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix cnicella
unknownunknownUnknown code!GelechiidaeAristotelia decurtella
unknownunknownElachistidaeDepressaria eryngiella
stemminer>borerGelechiidaeStomopteryx detersella
stemborerTortricidaeAethes sanguinana
fruitvagrantTortricidaeAethes flagellana
fruitvagrantTortricidaeAethes francillana
rootborerTortricidaeAethes margarotana
root collarborerTortricidaeAethes williana
unknownunknownTortricidaeAethes nefandana
root collarvagrantAphididaeDysaphis foeniculus
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis eryngiiglomerata
root collarvagrantAphididaeHelosiphon eryngii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
flowergallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera carophila
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe heraclei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula lanuginosa
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma eryngii
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria eryngii
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia timida
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia eryngii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera eryngii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyadaphis foeniculi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 4.v.2022