organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
root collar vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis foeniculus
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis eryngiiglomerata
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera carophila
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe heraclei
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula braunii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula lanuginosa
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma carmeli
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-alpini
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-cretici
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-dichotomi
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-maritimi
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-plani
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-tricuspidati
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria eryngii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
root collar vagrant Aphididae Helosiphon eryngii
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia timida
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia eryngii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium virgatum
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem miner>borer Gelechiidae Stomopteryx detersella
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera eryngii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyadaphis foeniculi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
flower vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum gei

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 31.i.2019