Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Eryngium

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
stem vagrant adult Dictyopharidae Dictyophara europaea
leaf vagrant Tetranychidae Tetranychus visigothus
leaf leaf spot Helotiales incertae sedis Cylindrosporium eryngicola
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta phomoides
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta eryngiana
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta eryngii
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria eryngii
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Cercospora armoraciae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercosporella eryngii
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris vandalicus
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Spilostethus saxatilis
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus sexvittatus
leaf vagrant Tingidae Catoplatus crassipes
leaf vagrant Tingidae Catoplatus nigriceps
leaf vagrant Miridae Macrotylus perdictus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus triangularis
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Brachycoleus decolor
leaf predator Miridae Deraeocoris serenus
leaf vagrant doubtful Miridae Pachyxyphus lineellus
fruit vagrant Pentatomidae Ancyrosoma leucogrammes
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontotarsus purpureolineatus
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontotarsus rufescens
leaf vagrant Scutelleridae Odontotarsus robustus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Graphosoma melanoxanthum
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Graphosoma italicum
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada abeillei
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Bagrada amoenula
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Codophila varia
leaf vagrant Alydidae Alydus calcaratus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Tholagmus flavolineatus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Graphosoma semipunctatum
fruit vagrant Coreidae Coreus marginatus
root vagrant Curculionidae Liophloeus tessulatus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris purpureipennis
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris fuscispinus
leaf vagrant Pentatomidae Carpocoris pudicus
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
scale Ortheziidae Orthezia maroccana
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Euxoa mendelis
root borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia erythrocnema
stem borer Cerambycidae Musaria wachanrui
stem borer Cerambycidae Musaria puncticollis
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena rubicundus
flower vagrant Geometridae Phaiogramma etruscaria
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
leaf hidden doubtful Hesperiidae Erynnis tages
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena sarpedon
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena contaminei
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena punctum
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena laeta
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena minos
stem borer Buprestidae Meliboeus amethystinus
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena diaphana
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena erythrus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia chrysantheana
root borer doubtful Buprestidae Meliboeus parvulus
leaf vagrant Tingidae Catoplatus horvathi
stem borer doubtful Buprestidae Anthaxia cyanescens
stem borer Buprestidae Acmaeoderella cyanipennis
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia berytensis
root borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera rauca
stem borer Buprestidae Anthaxia hypomelaena
leaf vagrant Tingidae Catoplatus carthusianus
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia chevrolati
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia phoenicia
fruit borer Chrysomelidae Bruchidius cinerascens
root scale Pseudococcidae Phenacoccus tergrigorianae
root collar scale Pseudococcidae Trionymus multivorus
leaf hidden Pyralidae Udea institalis
leaf hidden Depressariidae Agonopterix cnicella
unknown unknown Unknown code! Gelechiidae Aristotelia decurtella
unknown unknown Elachistidae Depressaria eryngiella
stem borer Tortricidae Aethes sanguinana
fruit vagrant Tortricidae Aethes flagellana
fruit vagrant Tortricidae Aethes francillana
root borer Tortricidae Aethes margarotana
root collar borer Tortricidae Aethes williana
unknown unknown Tortricidae Aethes nefandana
root collar vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis foeniculus
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis eryngiiglomerata
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera carophila
leaf down Erysiphales Erysiphe heraclei
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula braunii
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula lanuginosa
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma carmeli
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-alpini
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-cretici
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-dichotomi
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-maritimi
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-plani
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma eryngii-tricuspidati
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria eryngii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
root collar vagrant Aphididae Helosiphon eryngii
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia timida
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia isiacae
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia eryngii
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Aecidium virgatum
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem miner>borer Gelechiidae Stomopteryx detersella
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera eryngii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyadaphis foeniculi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
flower vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum gei


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 19.ix.2023