Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Hedera

Hedera ivy

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a larva: pinacula colourless (only the base of the setae black): Cnephasia incertana

1b pinacula black: Cnephasia stephensiana

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

Tables for all parasites per species

Last modified 9.x.2017