Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Leucanthemum vulgare

oxeye daisy

synonym: Chrysanthemum leucanthemum; Leucanthemum praecox

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella pallida
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips fuscipennis
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Neoheegeria dalmatica
leaf vagrant Thripidae Thrips major
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips rufus
leaf vagrant Thripidae Aptinothrips stylifer
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Neoheegeria dalmatica
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips timidus
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips setiger
root scale Pseudococcidae Atrococcus cracens
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella leucanthemi
leaf leaf spot Pleosporaceae Alternaria leucanthemi
flower hidden Pyralidae Phycitodes saxicola
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia gueneeana
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta leucanthemi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria leucanthemi
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Sphaerulina socia
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia bellunensis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia tanaceti
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Metopoplax origani
predator Torymidae Torymoides kiesenwetteri
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Closterotomus norwegicus
seeds vagrant Lygaeidae Trapezonotus ullrichi
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus coriaceus
leaf vagrant Miridae Plagiognathus chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Rhopalidae Stictopleurus pictus
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Hoplomachus thunbergii
flower vagrant Miridae Closterotomus trivialis
predator Anthocoridae Orius minutus
predator Anthocoridae Orius majusculus
root borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia nigricornis
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthia cardui
flower vagrant Noctuidae Xylena exsoleta
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Hoplodrina respersa
stem borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Microplontus triangulum
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx atropunctata
leaf vagrant Tingidae Catoplatus fabricii
root collar gall Tephritidae Oxyna flavipennis
unknown unknown Curculionidae Microplontus edentulus
unknown unknown doubtful Curculionidae Trichosirocalus centrimacula
unknown unknown doubtful Curculionidae Glocianus inhumeralis
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus succineus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips pillichi
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips trehernei
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips leucanthemi
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips physapus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida leucanthemi
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Pachyprotasis variegata
fruit borer Pyralidae Homoeosoma nebulella
root borer Tortricidae Dichrorampha sedatana
root borer Tortricidae Dichrorampha petiverella
root borer Tortricidae Dichrorampha alpinana
root borer doubtful Tortricidae Dichrorampha sequana
root borer doubtful Tortricidae Dichrorampha agilana
root borer Tortricidae Dichrorampha plumbana
root borer Tortricidae Dichrorampha senectana
flower hidden doubtful Tortricidae Eana incanana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
flower hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
unknown unknown Tortricidae Cnephasia communana
leaf bud hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia conspersana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia pasiuana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
flower hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia genitalana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
root borer Tortricidae Dichrorampha aeratana
root borer Tortricidae Dichrorampha acuminatana
fruit vagrant Tortricidae Aethes kindermanniana
flower vagrant Tortricidae Aethes margaritana
root borer larva Curculionidae Coryssomerus capucinus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Microplontus campestris
root borer larva Curculionidae Cyphocleonus trisulcatus
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes setiger
root collar borer larva Apionidae Diplapion stolidum
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
flower gall doubtful Tephritidae Eurasimona stigma
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza eupatorii
root collar vagrant doubtful Psyllidae Craspedolepta sonchi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis spiraecola
flower vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon ochropus
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura chrysanthemi
flower borer Tephritidae Tephritis neesii
flower borer Tephritidae Trupanea stellata
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia chrysanthemi
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Ozirhincus longicollis
bud gall rarely Cecidomyiidae Rhopalomyia tanaceticola
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces macrocarpus
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora radii
leaf gall Taphrinales Protomycopsis leucanthemi
leaf gall Triozidae Trioza chrysanthemi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia ciliata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia paraciliata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia syngenesiae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza leucanthemi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza tanaceti
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix argentisignella
leaf miner doubtful Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix latviaella
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix nigricomella
leaf miner doubtful Chrysomelidae Mantura chrysanthemi
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora follicularis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gardesanella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora trochilella
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa chrysanthemella
leaf miner Tephritidae Trypeta zoe
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium vulgatum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia aecidii-leucanthemi
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia leucanthemi-vernae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia leucanthemi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Coloradoa tanacetina
leaf vagrant rarely Aphididae Metopeurum fuscoviride
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus alinae
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rhopalomyia hypogaea
stem gall Tortricidae Dichrorampha consortana
root collar gall Tephritidae Oxyna nebulosa
leaf gall Aphididae Macrosiphoniella tanacetaria
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus cardui
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Macrosiphoniella artemisiae
leaf vagrant doubtful Aphididae Pleotrichophorus duponti
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum circumflexum
root vagrant Aphididae Aphis vandergooti
stem vagrant rarely Aphididae Macrosiphoniella absinthii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella subterranea
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ornatus
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella tapuskae
flower vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella millefolii
stem vagrant doubtful Aphididae Uroleucon solidaginis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 12.xi.2023