Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Argyranthemum

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
unknown borer Buprestidae Meliboeus kubani
leaf scale Coccidae Coccus hesperidum
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus elongatus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus curvipes
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus colonnellii
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus xericola
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus orone
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus aethiops
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus hupalupa
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus tessellatus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus auarita
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus dissimilis
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus tinguaro
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus sanchezi
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus exophthalmus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus dissidens
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus bacalladoi
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus bentejui
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus marmoratus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus semipilosus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus alluaudi
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus oculatissimus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus roudieri
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus mulagua
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus sanctaecrucis
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus obscurus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus rotundatus
leaf vagrant Curculionidae Laparocerus rugosivertex
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
stem borer Cerambycidae Hesperoferus machadoi
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia gertiana
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia hesperus
stem borer Cerambycidae Deroplia gomerae
dead wood borer Cerambycidae Deroplia annulicornis
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia bellunensis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Euplexia euplexina
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius immunis
root scale Diaspididae Rhizaspidiotus canariensis
stem scale Pseudococcidae Pseudococcus aridorum
stem scale Coccidae Ceroplastes rusci
stem borer Curculionidae Liparthrum canum
unknown unknown Curculionidae Cyphocleonus armitagei
leaf vagrant Kinnaridae Kinnoccia chromata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Sophonia orientalis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Empoasca fabalis
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Asianidia chrysanthemi
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Empoasca fabalis
flower borer Tephritidae Campiglossa multimaculosa
unknown unknown Tephritidae Campiglossa duplex
unknown unknown Tephritidae Campiglossa reticulata
flower hidden Tephritidae Campiglossa valida
unknown unknown doubtful Tortricidae Cochylimorpha decolorella
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
flower hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
unknown borer larva Apionidae Diplapion westwoodi
stem scale Coccidae Saissetia oleae
unknown vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon ilka
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces cichoracearum
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces macrocarpus
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf down Peronosporales Paraperonospora leptosperma
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora radii
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix chrysanthemella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia chrysanthemi
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia heeringiana
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella tapuskae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella oblonga
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella sanborni

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 7.vi.2024