Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Achillea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus absynthii
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ochroleucus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus noricus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina graminis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina staphylaea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina analis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina marginata
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege turbidalis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina asclepiadis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGaleruca tanaceti
leafvagrantAphalaridaeCraspedolepta bulgarica
rootvagrantCurculionidaeStrophosoma faber
stemgallEriococcidaeRhizococcus devoniensis
rootvagrantyounger larvaTortricidaeCelypha rufana
root collarscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus munroi
leafscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus erinaceus
leafscaledoubtfulEriococcidaeAcanthococcus pseudinsignis
rootscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus tergrigorianae
flowerborerGelechiidaeIsophrictis anthemidella
leafhiddenCrambidaeLoxostege turbidalis
root collarborerTortricidaeDichrorampha ligulana
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus achilleae
stemvagrantOrtheziidaeOrthezia urticae
rootscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus cingulatus
root collarborerdoubtfulTortricidaeDichrorampha bugnionana
rootvagrantGelechiidaePyncostola bohemiella
leaf budborerdoubtfulPterophoridaeGillmeria miantodactylus
unknownunknownGelechiidaePsamathocrita dalmatinella
flowerborerdoubtfulGelechiidaeIsophrictis striatella
stemborerGelechiidaeIsophrictis corsicella
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria olerella
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria silesiaca
flowerhiddenPyralidaePhycitodes saxicola
stemborerTortricidaeCochylimorpha elongana
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha montanana
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha vancouverana
root collarborerTortricidaeDichrorampha sylvicolana
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha petiverella
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha sequana
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha agilana
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha plumbana
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha plumbagana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips nigropilosus
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia pasiuana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeCochylidia richteriana
flowerhiddenTortricidaeThiodia citrana
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha pentheriana
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha incognitana
rootborerTortricidaeDichrorampha teichiana
stemborerTortricidaeCochylidia implicitana
flowerhiddenTortricidaeEupoecilia angustana
fruithiddenTortricidaeAethes smeathmanniana
flowerhiddenTortricidaeAethes margaritana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeParaphytoptus achilleae
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
stemboreryounger larvaTortricidaeEpiblema graphana
rootborerolder larvaTortricidaeEpiblema graphana
stemborerSyrphidaeCheilosia vernalis
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus spurnyi
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus barnevillei
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeCoryssomerus capucinus
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeMicroplontus triangulum
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeCyphocleonus dealbatus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaePseudostyphlus pillumus
leaf budborerPterophoridaeGillmeria pallidactyla
root collarvagrantAphididaeMicrosiphum nudum
leafvagrantAphididaePleotrichophorus achilleae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia achillearum
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis stictica
leafvagrantTriozidaeTrioza achilleae
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon malvae malvae
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza oligophaga
leafvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora carelica
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia spenceri
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia disordens
unknownunknownAgromyzidaeLiriomyza hampsteadensis
flowervagrantColeophoridaeColeophora quadristraminella
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora pseudorepentis
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora argentula
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis oligommata
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeOzirhincus millefolii
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis achilleae
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis angustipennis
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis dioscurea
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea amoena
flowergallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia palearum
flowergallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia ptarmicae
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria kiefferi
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria achilleae
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis nigricauda
flowergallTephritidaeCampiglossa argyrocephala
flowergallTephritidaeEurasimona stigma
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia millefolii
leafdownrarelyErysiphalesGolovinomyces artemisiae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces macrocarpus
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula picridis
leafdownPeronosporalesParaperonospora leptosperma
leafdownPeronosporalesParaperonospora minor
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora radii
leafleaf spotCapnodialesDidymaria matricariae
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma achilleae
leafgallAnguinidaeSubanguina millefolii
leafgallAphididaeMacrosiphoniella tanacetaria
leafgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera francoisi
leafgallPsyllidaeCraspedolepta nervosa
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza abdominalis
leafminerAgromyzidaeCalycomyza artemisiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza ptarmicae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza achilleae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza corvimontana
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza ptarmicae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza pullula
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza tanaceti
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix albiguttella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix clavenae
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix cristatella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix fatigatella
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix humiliella
leafminerdoubtfulBucculatricidaeBucculatrix latviaella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora achilleae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora caelebipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora coarctataephaga
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ditella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora expressella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora follicularis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora gardesanella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora lenae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora millefolii
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora partitella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ptarmicia
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora succursella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora trochilella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa proclivella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpula seniorum
leafminerGelechiidaeSophronia humerella
leafminerGelechiidaeGnorimoschema ptarmicae
leafminerIncurvariidaeIncurvaria praelatella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta artemisiae
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta zoe
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium globosum
leafpustuleHelotialesSchizothyrioma aterrimum
leafpustuleHelotialesSchizothyrioma ptarmicae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia ptarmicae-caricis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia vulpinae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia diotidis
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia millefolii
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia ptarmicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
leafvagrantAphididaeColoradoa achilleae
leafvagrantrarelyAphididaeMetopeurum fuscoviride
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus achilleae
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia curvipalpis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallPyralidaePhycitodes maritima
stemgallTephritidaeCampiglossa misella
root collargallTephritidaeDithryca guttularis
root collargallTephritidaeOxyna flavipennis
root collargalldoubtfulTephritidaeOxyna nebulosa
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
root collarvagrantspring generationAphididaeAcaudinum longisetosum
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
rootvagrantAphididaeProtrama flavescens
root collarvagrantAphididaeMicrosiphum millefolii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaePleotrichophorus duponti
flowervagrantAphididaeMacrosiphoniella millefolii
stemvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeMacrosiphoniella abrotani
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis vandergooti
flowerminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza flavopicta
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphoniella tapuskae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphoniella sejuncta
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphoniella ptarmicae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphoniella usquertensis
leafvagrantAphididaeUroleucon achilleae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 21.vi.2020