Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cota tinctoria

yellow chamomille

synonym: Anthemis kelwayi, tinctoria, subtinctoria

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia tanaceti
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia extremata
leafvagrantdoubtfulTingidaeTingis auriculata
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeMicroplontus rugulosus
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeDiplapion stolidum
rootborerlarvadoubtfulCurculionidaeCyphocleonus trisulcatus
flowerborerGelechiidaeIsophrictis anthemidella
unknownunknownGelechiidaeMetzneria santolinella
root collargalldoubtfulTortricidaeEpiblema foenella
flowervagrantTortricidaeThiodia citrana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tinctoriae
leaf budborerlarvaCurculionidaeBagous aliciae
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaePseudostyphlus pillumus
flowerborerlarvaApionidaeDiplapion detritum
flowerborerlarvaApionidaeOmphalapion dispar
rootvagrantAphididaeProtaphis anthemidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora caelebipennella
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis oligommata
leafvagrantAphididaePleotrichophorus persimilis
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeOzirhincus anthemidis
flowergallApionidaeOmphalapion buddebergi
flowergallApionidaeOmphalapion laevigatum
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces macrocarpus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza centaureae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza pullula
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix cristatella
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia baeumleriana
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia curvipalpis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
rootgallApionidaeDiplapion confluens
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
root collarvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lateralis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 7.viii.2021