Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cota tinctoria

yellow chamomille

synonym: Anthemis kelwayi, tinctoria, subtinctoria

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips nigropilosus
unknown unknown Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips minisetosus
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips intermedius
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips verbasci
flower hidden Thripidae Chirothrips manicatus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips praetermissus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips vulgatissimus
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips reuteri
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips pannonicus
flower hidden Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips alpester
flower predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips angusticornis
leaf predator Phlaeothripidae Haplothrips arenarius
root borer Tortricidae Dichrorampha gruneriana
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Ramularia anthemidis
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Metopoplax origani
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Oncotylus punctipes
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus saltator
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus coriaceus
flower vagrant Miridae Megalocoleus molliculus
leaf vagrant doubtful Coreidae Ceraleptus gracilicornis
leaf vagrant Miridae Adelphocoris lineolatus
flower vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia tanaceti
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia extremata
leaf vagrant doubtful Tingidae Tingis auriculata
stem borer larva Curculionidae Microplontus rugulosus
root collar borer larva Apionidae Diplapion stolidum
root borer larva doubtful Curculionidae Cyphocleonus trisulcatus
flower borer Gelechiidae Isophrictis anthemidella
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Metzneria santolinella
root collar gall doubtful Tortricidae Epiblema foenella
flower vagrant Tortricidae Thiodia citrana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria tinctoriae
leaf bud borer larva Curculionidae Bagous aliciae
flower borer larva Curculionidae Pseudostyphlus pillumus
flower borer larva Apionidae Diplapion detritum
flower borer larva Apionidae Omphalapion dispar
root vagrant Aphididae Protaphis anthemidis
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora caelebipennella
root vagrant Aphididae Aphis oligommata
leaf vagrant Aphididae Pleotrichophorus persimilis
fruit gall Cecidomyiidae Ozirhincus anthemidis
flower gall Apionidae Omphalapion buddebergi
flower gall Apionidae Omphalapion laevigatum
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces macrocarpus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza centaureae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza pullula
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix cristatella
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia baeumleriana
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia curvipalpis
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
root gall Apionidae Diplapion confluens
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus cardui
root collar vagrant Aphididae Brachycaudus lateralis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 24.xi.2023