Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Matricaria chamomilla

scented marigold

synonym: Chamomilla recutita; Matricaria recutita, suaveolens L.

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemscalePseudococcidaePseudococcus viburni
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia artemisiae
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia chamomillae
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia calendulae
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita budensis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeMicroplontus rugulosus
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeDiplapion stolidum
flowergallApionidaeOmphalapion hookerorum
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella occidentalis
flowerhiddenPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips setiger
fruitborerdoubtfulTortricidaeGynnidomorpha luridana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
stemborerTortricidaeCochylidia implicitana
flowervagrantTortricidaeAethes margaritana
flowervagrantEriophyidaeAceria matricariae
stemborerSyrphidaeCheilosia vernalis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeMicroplontus melanostigma
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaePseudostyphlus pillumus
flowerborerlarvaApionidaeDiplapion detritum
leafvagrantAphididaeColoradoa inodorella
fruitborerTortricidaeGynnidomorpha permixtana
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea stellata
flowergallApionidaeOmphalapion laevigatum
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces macrocarpus
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera erigerontis-canadensis
leafdownPeronosporalesParaperonospora leptosperma
leafdownPeronosporalesPeronospora radii
leafleaf spotCapnodialesDidymaria matricariae
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma matricariae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza pullula
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia matricariae
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemborerCurculionidaeMicroplontus rugulosus
rootgallApionidaeDiplapion confluens
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum circumflexum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
root collarvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis lindae
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis vandergooti
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphoniella tapuskae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 22.x.2021