Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Santolina

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia santolinae
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia hartigi
leafvagrantGeometridaeAthroolopha pennigeraria
leafvagrantGeometridaeThetidia plusiaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeHeliothea discoidaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCalamodes occitanaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCompsoptera jourdanaria
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena corsica
stemborerBuprestidaeSphenoptera notha
leafvagrantCicadellidaeChlorita multinervia
leafvagrantCicadellidaeChlorita laurae
stemborerBuprestidaeMeliboeus santolinae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida hyalina
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeCyrtonus pardoi
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeCyrtonus arcasi
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeCyrtonus contractus
leafvagrantCurculionidaeHypera arator
rootscaleDiaspididaeRhizaspidiotus canariensis
stemgallEriococcidaeRhizococcus devoniensis
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus thymi
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis adactyla
unknownunknownGelechiidaeIsophrictis lineatellus
unknownunknownGelechiidaeIsophrictis cerdanica
unknownunknownGelechiidaeIsophrictis invisella
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula joannisiana
stemgallTortricidaeCochylimorpha peucedana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria suffugiosa
rootscaleCoccidaeRhizopulvinaria artemisiae
vagrantAphididaeColoradoa moralesi
stemgallTephritidaeDithryca guttulosa
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis santolinae
unknownunknownPsyllidaeCraspedolepta santolinae
stemvagrantAphididaeColoradoa bournieri
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora involucrella
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeOzirhincus millefolii
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia navasina
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia setubalensis
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix santolinella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albicella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora santolinella
leafminerCosmopterigidaeIsidiella divitella
leafminerGelechiidaeSophronia humerella
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia chamaecyparidis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia santolinae
stemgallTortricidaeCochylimorpha santolinana
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 31.vii.2021