Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Santolina chamaecyparissus

lavender-cotton, cottton lavender

synonym: Santolina marchii

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris santolinae
leafvagrantMiridaeMegalocoleus bolivari
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAlvaradoia numerica
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia santolinata
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia chamomillae
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia tanaceti
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHelicoverpa armigera
leafvagrantGeometridaeThetidia smaragdaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula rubiginata
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula imitaria
unknownunknownCrambidaeLoxostege comptalis
unknownunknowndoubtfulTortricidaeLozotaenia mabilliana
scaleDiaspididaeDiaspidiotus jaapi
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia santolinae
leafvagrantGeometridaeAthroolopha pennigeraria
leafvagrantGeometridaeThetidia plusiaria
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena corsica
stemborerBuprestidaeSphenoptera notha
leafvagrantCicadellidaeChlorita multinervia
leafvagrantCicadellidaeChlorita laurae
stemborerBuprestidaeMeliboeus santolinae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida hyalina
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeCyrtonus pardoi
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeCyrtonus arcasi
leafvagrantPterophoridaeAgdistis adactyla
unknownunknownGelechiidaeIsophrictis lineatellus
unknownunknownGelechiidaeIsophrictis cerdanica
stemgallTortricidaeCochylimorpha peucedana
vagrantAphididaeColoradoa moralesi
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis santolinae
stemvagrantAphididaeColoradoa bournieri
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora involucrella
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia navasina
leafgallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia setubalensis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora albicella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora santolinella
leafminerGelechiidaeSophronia humerella
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia chamaecyparidis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeRhopalomyia santolinae
stemgallTortricidaeCochylimorpha santolinana
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.iii.2022