Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Santolina chamaecyparissus

lavender-cotton, cottton lavender

synonym: Santolina marchii

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips collaris
flower hidden Thripidae Frankliniella occidentalis
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips hawaiiensis
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips discolor
unknown scale Diaspididae Targionia nigra
leaf vagrant Geometridae Selidosema taeniolaria
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Chrysolina carnifex
leaf vagrant Miridae Phytocoris santolinae
leaf vagrant Miridae Megalocoleus bolivari
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Alvaradoia numerica
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia santolinata
flower vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia chamomillae
flower vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia tanaceti
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Helicoverpa armigera
leaf vagrant Geometridae Thetidia smaragdaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula rubiginata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Scopula imitaria
unknown unknown Crambidae Loxostege comptalis
unknown unknown doubtful Tortricidae Lozotaenia mabilliana
scale Diaspididae Diaspidiotus jaapi
flower vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia santolinae
leaf vagrant Geometridae Athroolopha pennigeraria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Thetidia plusiaria
leaf vagrant Zygaenidae Zygaena corsica
stem borer Buprestidae Sphenoptera notha
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Chlorita multinervia
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Chlorita laurae
stem borer Buprestidae Meliboeus santolinae
root vagrant Chrysomelidae Longitarsus succineus
leaf vagrant Chrysomelidae Cassida hyalina
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Cyrtonus pardoi
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Cyrtonus arcasi
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Agdistis adactyla
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Isophrictis lineatellus
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Isophrictis cerdanica
stem gall Tortricidae Cochylimorpha peucedana
vagrant Aphididae Coloradoa moralesi
flower borer Tephritidae Tephritis santolinae
stem vagrant Aphididae Coloradoa bournieri
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora involucrella
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Rhopalomyia navasina
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Rhopalomyia setubalensis
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora albicella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora santolinella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Sophronia humerella
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia chamaecyparidis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Rhopalomyia santolinae
stem gall Tortricidae Cochylimorpha santolinana
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


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