organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
fruit borer doubtful Gelechiidae Apodia bifractella
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes setiger
vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon pachysiphon
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella soosi
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella soosi
flower vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella galatellae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
flower borer Tephritidae Tephritis sauterina
stem vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon erigeronense
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza tripolii
fruit vagrant Psyllidae Craspedolepta schaeferi
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora pseudolinosyris
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora linosyris
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora halophilella
fruit vagrant rarely Coleophoridae Coleophora virgaureae
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora obscenella
fruit vagrant doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora cinerea
fruit vagrant Coleophoridae Coleophora asteris
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower borer doubtful Tephritidae Tephritis arnicae
flower borer Tephritidae Trupanea stellata
flower borer Tephritidae Campiglossa loewiana
flower borer Tephritidae Ensina sonchi
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura procera
flower gall Tephritidae Campiglossa plantaginis
leaf bud gall Eriophyidae Aceria linosyrina
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces asterum var. moroczkovskii
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces cichoracearum
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula picridis
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera xanthii
leaf down Peronosporales Basidiophora simplex
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma asteris-alpini
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma bellidiastri
leaf gall Aphididae Macrosiphoniella tanacetaria
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura linosyridis
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria opistholia
leaf gall Tarsonemidae Phytonemus pallidus
leaf miner Agromyzidae Calycomyza humeralis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia asteris
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia syngenesiae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza asteris
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza eupatorii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza huidobrensis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza pusilla
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Nemorimyza posticata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia maura
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza erigerophila
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza hoppi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza pieninica
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya nigrisquama
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix maritima
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora amellivora
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora autumnella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora conspicuella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ditella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora frankii
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora galatellae
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora linosyridella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora longicornella
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora maritimarum
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora pseudoditella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ramosella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora rectilineella
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpula diffluella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpula psilella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Gnorimoschema epithymella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Gnorimoschema steueri
leaf miner Gracillariidae Aristaea pavoniella
leaf miner Tephritidae Trypeta zoe
leaf miner Tephritidae Cornutrypeta spinifrons
leaf miner Tortricidae Thiodia torridana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia capillaris
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia extensicola
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia firma
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia linosyridis-caricis
leaf pustule uredinia Pucciniales Coleosporium asterum
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia asteris
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia asteris-alpini
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia bellidiastri
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia rodriguezii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia curvipalpis
stem gall Gelechiidae Caulastrocecis gypsella
stem gall Rhizobiales Agrobacterium tumefaciens
stem gall Tortricidae Eucosma aspidiscana
root collar gall Cecidomyiidae Rhopalomyia astericola
root collar gall Gelechiidae Caulastrocecis furfurella
root vagrant Aphididae Trama troglodytes
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Pemphigus trehernei
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella linariae
systemic vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis triglochinis
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella asteris
systemic vagrant Aphididae Aphis tripolii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 23.vii.2019