Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Solidago virgaurea


synonym: Solidago vulgaris

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips trehernei
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis simulans
leafvagrantPterophoridaeHellinsia tephradactyla
unknownunknownTortricidaePelochrista decolorana
flowerhiddenPyralidaePhycitodes albatella
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania terrealis
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma aemulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeSyndemis musculana
leafvagrantTortricidaeEriopsela quadrana
fruitborerdoubtfulTortricidaeFalseuncaria ruficiliana
stemborerTortricidaePhalonidia curvistrigana
flowervagrantTortricidaeEupoecilia angustana
stemborerTortricidaeCochylidia implicitana
stemborersummer generationdoubtfulTortricidaeCochylidia heydeniana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylidia subroseana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis dubitana
flowerborerPterophoridaeHellinsia chrysocomae
flowerborerPterophoridaeHellinsia osteodactylus
flowerborerPterophoridaeHellinsia pectodactylus
root collarborerPterophoridaePlatyptilia calodactyla
leafleaf spotCercosporella virgaureae
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes setiger
fruitvagrantColeophoridaeColeophora proterella
fruitvagrantmainColeophoridaeColeophora virgaureae
flowerborerTephritidaeCampiglossa loewiana
flowerborerTephritidaeCampiglossa solidaginis
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces asterum var. solidaginis
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara solidaginis
leafleaf spotVenturialesFusicladium virgaureae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura virgaeaureae
leafminerAgromyzidaeCalycomyza solidaginis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza eupatorii
leafminerAgromyzidaeNemorimyza posticata
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia maura
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia paramaura
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza solidaginis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza virgaureae
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya nigrisquama
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ramosella
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerGelechiidaeGnorimoschema epithymella
leafminerGelechiidaeGnorimoschema valesiella
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva solidaginis
leafminerTephritidaeCornutrypeta spinifrons
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia eriophori-alpini
leafpustuleurediniaPuccinialesColeosporium asterum
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia virgae-aureae
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesUromyces sommerfeltii
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia curvipalpis
stemgallTephritidaeCampiglossa grandinata
stemgallTortricidaeEucosma aspidiscana
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon solidaginis
rootvagrantsummer generationdoubtfulAphididaePemphigus trehernei
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 19.viii.2020