Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Eupatorium cannabinum


organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta eupatoriicola
leafvagrantMiridaeApolygus lucorum
leafvagrantMiridaeApolygus lucorum
leafvagrantMiridaeCalocoris roseomaculatus
predatorNabidaeNabis lineatus
leafvagrantdoubtfulLygaeidaeTropidothorax leucopterus
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris nemorum
fruitvagrantRhopalidaeStictopleurus crassicornis
leafvagrantMiridaeHeterotoma merioptera
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus sulcatus
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua interjecta
stemborerNoctuidaeGortyna flavago
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiachrysia chryson
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa bractea
leafvagrantErebidaeRhyparia purpurata
leafvagrantErebidaeSpilosoma lubricipeda
leafvagrantPyralidaeUdea ferrugalis
leafvagrantErebidaeEuplagia quadripunctaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia centaureata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia absinthiata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia subfuscata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia virgaureata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia tripunctaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
flowervagrantGeometridaeGymnoscelis rufifasciata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeLedra aurita
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx aurata
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
leafvagrantdoubtfulThripidaeDendrothrips saltatrix
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafhiddenThripidaeThrips tabaci
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus flavicornis
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus aeruginosus
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo thompsoni
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania lancealis
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza moatesi
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylidia rupicola
rootvagrantdoubtfulSyrphidaeCheilosia impressa
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis eupatorii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae frangulae
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza eupatorii
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea stellata
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces circumfusus
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria eupatorii
leafminerAgromyzidaeCalycomyza artemisiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza eupatoriana
leafminermainAgromyzidaeLiriomyza eupatorii
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza eupatorii
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora conyzae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora follicularis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora inulae
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafminerTephritidaeStemonocera cornuta
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta artemisiae
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta zoe
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAnthocoptes eupatorii
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallPterophoridaeAdaina microdactyla
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatomyzus boraginacearum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 6.viii.2022