Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Dittrichia viscosa

woody fleabane

synonym: Cupularia, Inula, viscosa

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
root collarborerCerambycidaeHelladia alziari
stemborerCerambycidaeHelladia millefolii
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHelicoverpa armigera
flowervagrantErebidaeEublemma parva
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHeliothis peltigera
leafvagrantGeometridaePhaiogramma faustinata
unknownunknownBuprestidaeSphenoptera impressifrons
stemborerBuprestidaeMeliboeus gibbicollis
unknownunknownThripidaeMicrocephalothrips abdominalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx andalusiaca
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea stellata
flowerborerdoubtfulTephritidaeTrupanea tubulata
leafminerdoubtfulCurculionidaePseudorchestes heringi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePachnephorus tessellatus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida pusilla
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida murraea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus noricus
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus dorsalis
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia cupidinana
leafvagrantPterophoridaeStangeia siceliota
stemborersummer generationdoubtfulTortricidaeCochylidia heydeniana
flowerborerPterophoridaeHellinsia inulae
leafvagrantAphididaeCapitophorus inulae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCapitophorus pakansus
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
flowergallTephritidaeMyopites stylatus
leaf budgallEriophyidaeEriophyes cupulariae
leafdownCapnodialesRamularia cupulariae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces inulae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafminermainAgromyzidaePhytomyza conyzae
leafminerChoreutidaeTebenna micalis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora jerusalemella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora solidaginella
leafminerCurculionidaePseudorchestes cinereus
leafminerCurculionidaePseudorchestes persimilis
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva eglanteriella
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva pappella
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva solidaginis
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia ecullyana
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesColeosporium inulae
stemgallCecidomyiidaeAcodiplosis inulae
stemgallCurculionidaeLixus acicularis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon inulicola
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon inulae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.ix.2021