Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Inula

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotDothideomycetes incertae sedisAsteromella inulae
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta sonchi
predatorMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia coleosporii
stemborerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza aeneoventris
flowervagrantPyralidaeHypotia corticalis
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris seidenstueckeri
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus longulus
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus nasutus
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius thymi
leafvagrantLygaeidaeNysius immunis
flowervagrantLygaeidaeSpilostethus furcula
predatorAnthocoridaeAnthocoris nemorum
leafvagrantMiridaeParedrocoris pectoralis
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus bipunctatus
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus chrysanthemi
flowervagrantMiridaeMegalocoleus molliculus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeCymus claviculus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeCymus melanocephalus
predatorMiridaeNesidiocoris tenuis
leafvagrantMiridaePhytocoris phrygicus
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus italicus
leafvagrantTingidaeGaleatus scrophicus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeEysarcoris ventralis
leafpredatorMiridaeDeraeocoris flavilinea
predatorAnthocoridaeOrius majusculus
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris lineolatus
leafvagrantMiridaeAdelphocoris vandalicus
leafvagrantMiridaeBrachycoleus decolor
leafvagrantMiridaeCalocoris roseomaculatus
predatorMiridaeCampylomma verbasci
leafvagrantRhopalidaeStictopleurus punctatonervosus
leafvagrantPentatomidaeDolycoris baccarum
leafvagrantMiridaeMegalocoleus molliculus
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus melanotoma
predatorMiridaeMacrolophus caliginosus
leafvagrantrarelyMiridaeMacrotylus paykullii
leafvagrantMiridaeMacrotylus atricapillus
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafpustulePuccinialesPuccinia gnaphalii
vagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus yothersi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia contigua
stemborerCerambycidaePhytoecia virgula
stemscaleCoccidaeSaissetia oleae
stemborerCerambycidaePhytoecia pustulata
stemborerCerambycidaePhytoecia virgula
root collarborerCerambycidaeHelladia alziari
stemborerCerambycidaeHelladia millefolii
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia asteris
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHelicoverpa armigera
leafhiddenCrambidaePyrausta obfuscata
flowervagrantErebidaeEublemma parva
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHeliothis peltigera
unknownunknowndoubtfulCrambidaeAnania testacealis
leafvagrantGeometridaePhaiogramma faustinata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia virgaureata
leafvagrantGeometridaeCleora cinctaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeThalera fimbrialis
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia chrysantheana
unknownunknownBuprestidaeSphenoptera impressifrons
stemborerBuprestidaeMeliboeus gibbicollis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx atropunctata
unknownunknownThripidaeMicrocephalothrips abdominalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx andalusiaca
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina schatzmayri
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus brisouti
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis ozaslani
flowerborerdoubtfulTephritidaeTrupanea tubulata
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLachnaeus crinitus
leafminerdoubtfulCurculionidaePseudorchestes heringi
rootgallCurculionidaeBaris analis
root collarborerdoubtfulApionidaeCeratapion onopordi
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeDiplapion stolidum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida pyrenaea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida ferruginea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida murraea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePachnephorus tessellatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePachnephorus pilosus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePilemostoma fastuosum
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePachnephorus tessellatus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida pusilla
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida murraea
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus noricus
rootvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeLongitarsus dorsalis
flowergalldoubtfulTephritidaeMyopites longirostris
unknownunknownPyralidaeEpischnia cretaciella
rootgallCurculionidaePseudocleonus grammicus
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus achilleae
unknownunknownGelechiidaeApodia martinii
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafhiddenChoreutidaeTebenna bjerkandrella
leafvagrantPterophoridaeHellinsia inulaevorus
leafvagrantPterophoridaeOidaematophorus constanti
leafvagrantPterophoridaeOidaematophorus lithodactyla
roothiddenTortricidaePelochrista mollitana
leafhiddenCrambidaeSitochroa verticalis
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania crocealis
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia cupidinana
leafvagrantPterophoridaeStangeia siceliota
leafvagrantPterophoridaeOidaematophorus giganteus
leafhiddenPyralidaeEpischnia illotella
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma cumulana
root collarborerTortricidaeEpiblema inulivora
flowerborerGelechiidaePtocheuusa abnormella
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerhiddenTortricidaeAethes obscurana
fruitborerdoubtfulTortricidaeFalseuncaria ruficiliana
fruitborerdoubtfulTortricidaeFalseuncaria ruficiliana
stemborersummer generationdoubtfulTortricidaeCochylidia heydeniana
flowerborerTortricidaePhalonidia contractana
stemborerdoubtfulTortricidaePhalonidia manniana
rootborerTortricidaeAethes tesserana
leafvagrantTenuipalpidaeBrevipalpus recki
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus oculusinulae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculops centaureae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus inulae
flowerborerIctericodes zelleri
flowerborerGelechiidaePtocheuusa paupella
fruitborerGelechiidaeApodia bifractella
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces tabaci
leafvagrantAphididaeUroleucon ensifoliae
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
flowerborerGelechiidaePtocheuusa paupella
stemborerspring generationPterophoridaeHellinsia carphodactyla
flowerborersummer generationPterophoridaeHellinsia carphodactyla
flowerborerPterophoridaeHellinsia inulae
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis dudichi
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis valida
flowergallTephritidaeMyopites variofasciatus
stemgallTephritidaeEuarestella megacephala
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon pulicariae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia io
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza eupatorii
leafvagrantAphididaeCapitophorus inulae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRhopalosiphum padi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeJaapiella inulicola
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea stellata
flowergallTephritidaeAcinia biflexa
flowergallTephritidaeInuromaesa maura
flowergallTephritidaeMyopites cypriacus
flowergallTephritidaeMyopites eximia
flowergalldoubtfulTephritidaeMyopites inulaedysentericae
flowergallTephritidaeMyopites stylatus
flowergallTephritidaeMyopites tenellus
leaf budgallEriophyidaeEriophyes cupulariae
leafdownCapnodialesRamularia cupulariae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces inulae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula lappae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula picridis
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafgallAphididaeBrachycaudus salicinae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia inulicola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeNeomikiella beckiana
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza conyzae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza kyffhusana
leafminerAnthomyiidaePhorbia incana
leafminerChoreutidaeTebenna micalis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora conyzae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora follicularis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora inulae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora jerusalemella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora leucogrammella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora solidaginella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora trochilella
leafminerCrambidaeAtralata albofascialis
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerCurculionidaePseudorchestes cinereus
leafminerCurculionidaePseudorchestes persimilis
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva eglanteriella
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva granitella
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva heringi
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva occidentella
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva orientella
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva pappella
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva perlepidella
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva solidaginis
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva valeriella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia ecullyana
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium inulae-helenii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia extensicola
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesColeosporium inulae
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemgallCecidomyiidaeAcodiplosis inulae
stemgallCurculionidaeLixus acicularis
stemgallCynipidaeIsocolus brunneus
root collargallCecidomyiidaeInulomyia subterranea
predatorCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis conyzae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon inulicola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCapitophorus pakansus
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon inulae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatus inulae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 21.ix.2022