Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Pulicaria

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorTorymidaeTorymoides kiesenwetteri
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeStygnocoris rusticus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida pyrenaea
root collarvagrantPentatomidaeSciocoris fuscosparsus
leafvagrantTingidaeGaleatus scrophicus
unknownunknowndoubtfulCrambidaeAnania testacealis
leafvagrantNymphalidaeVanessa cardui
flowerhiddenPyralidaeUdea accolalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEupteryx melissae
unknownunknownTephritidaeGoniurellia longicauda
flowergallTephritidaeCapitites augur
flowerborerTephritidaeMyopites zernyi
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLachnaeus crinitus
flowerborerCurculionidaeNefis korotyaevi
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePachnephorus tessellatus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaePachnephorus pilosus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaePilemostoma fastuosum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida pusilla
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida murraea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida ferruginea
flowergalldoubtfulTephritidaeMyopites longirostris
unknownunknownTortricidaeEpiblema cnicicolana
leafvagrantPterophoridaeOidaematophorus lithodactyla
unknownunknownCosmopterigidaeAlloclita francoeuriae
unknownunknownCosmopterigidaeAlloclita francoeuriae
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania crocealis
leafvagrantPterophoridaeStangeia siceliota
leafhiddenPyralidaeEpischnia illotella
leafvagrantPterophoridaeOidaematophorus giganteus
leaf budhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia conspersana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
stemborersummer generationdoubtfulTortricidaeCochylidia heydeniana
rootvagrantTortricidaePhtheochroa inopiana
fruitborerGelechiidaeApodia bifractella
flowerborerGelechiidaePtocheuusa paupella
flowergalldoubtfulTephritidaeMyopites inulaedysentericae
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon pulicariae
leafvagrantAphididaeCapitophorus inulae
fruitgallCecidomyiidaeAcodiplosis spec.
flowergallTephritidaeMyopites apicatus
flowergallTephritidaeMyopites cypriacus
flowergalldoubtfulTephritidaeMyopites eximia
leafdownCapnodialesRamularia cupulariae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces inulae
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera erigerontis-canadensis
leafgallAphididaeBrachycaudus salicinae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeAcodiplosis pulicariae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza conyzae
leafminerChoreutidaeTebenna micalis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora conyzae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora follicularis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora inulae
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora praecursella
leafminerCurculionidaePseudorchestes persimilis
leafminerGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva pulicariae
leafminerdoubtfulGlyphipterigidaeDigitivalva valeriella
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium globosum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesUromyces junci
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia francoeuriae
rootgallCurculionidaeBaris analis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
leafvagrantAphididaeOvatus inulae
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon inulicola

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 22.v.2022