Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Senecio sylvaticus

heath groundsel

synonym: Senecio silvaticus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia coleosporii
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeMelanocoryphus albomaculatus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeNysius senecionis
root collarborerChrysomelidaeLongitarsus jacobaeae
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus ganglbaueri
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo rubricoxis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya sanguinolenta
stemborerTortricidaeEpiblema hepaticana
root collarborerPterophoridaePlatyptilia calodactyla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia jacobaeae
flowergallTephritidaeSphenella marginata
budgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia aequalis
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria leioprocta
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces fischeri
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera senecionis
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia tulasnei
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta zoe
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia senecionis-acutiformis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesColeosporium senecionis
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemgallPterophoridaePlatyptilia nemoralis
stemgalldoubtfulTortricidaeCochylis atricapitana
flowervagrantAphididaeAphis cacaliasteris
root collarvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lateralis


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 29.vii.2022