Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Tussilago farfara


organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
rootvagrantlarvaCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus scaber
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua fimbriata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeRhyacia lucipeta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeActebia praecox
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCeramica pisi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua comes
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia w-latinum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa bractea
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia lucifuga
leafvagrantErebidaeRhyparia purpurata
leafvagrantErebidaeEuplagia quadripunctaria
leafvagrantErebidaeCallimorpha dominula
leafvagrantErebidaeTyria jacobaeae
leafvagrantdoubtfulTenthredinidaeAglaostigma alpinum
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus succineus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina speciosissima
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus suturellus
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus gracilis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAglaostigma discolor
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mandibularis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
rootborerCrambidaeScoparia subfusca
rootborerTortricidaeEpiblema sticticana
rootborerTortricidaeEpiblema grandaevana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAculus calcarifer
leafminersummer generationPterophoridaePlatyptilia gonodactyla
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCapitophorus elaeagni
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafdowndoubtfulErysiphalesGolovinomyces senecionis
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza alpina
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza buhriella
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza farfarae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza tussilaginis
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpula tussilaginis
leafminerPterophoridaePlatyptilia gonodactyla
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafminerTephritidaeAcidia cognata
leafminerTephritidaeStemonocera cornuta
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta zoe
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia petasites-pendulae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia poarum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesColeosporium tussilaginis
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria tussilagofoliae
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
root collarvagrantsummer generationmainAphididaeAnuraphis farfarae
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeAcyrthosiphon pisum
leafvagrantAphididaeUroleucon tussilaginis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCapitophorus similis
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis vandergooti


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.xii.2021