Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Arctium lappa

greater burdock

synonym: Arctium majus, vulgare; Lappa glabra, major, officinalis

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida panzeri
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida rubiginosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo livida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mesomela
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia circularis
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCalyciphora albodactylus
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEpiblema sticticana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis dubitana
fruitvagrantTortricidaeAethes rubigana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria lappae
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria lappella
rootvagrantSyrphidaeCheilosia impressa
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia vulpina
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus sturnus
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
root collarvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lateralis
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza lappae
fruitgallTephritidaeTerellia tussilaginis
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis bardanae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces depressus
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera xanthii
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia abscondita
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza lappae
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya laticornis
leafminerChoreutidaeTebenna micalis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora peribenanderi
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix arenella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix subpropinquella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona gracilis
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia silvatica
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia bardanae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria inturbida
root collarborerApionidaeCeratapion onopordi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
root collarvagrantAphididaeDysaphis lappae lappae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae mordvilkoi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 11.vii.2020