Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Arctium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeCeratapion basicorne
root collarborerApionidaeCeratapion penetrans
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida panzeri
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida rubiginosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida vibex
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida rubiginosa
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeCyrtonus punctipennis
stemborerNoctuidaeHydraecia micacea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo livida
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mesomela
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeAthalia circularis
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCalyciphora albodactylus
rootborerTortricidaeEpiblema cirsiana
leafhiddendoubtfulDepressariidaeAgonopterix pallorella
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEpiblema sticticana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis posterana
flowerborerPyralidaeMyelois circumvoluta
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis dubitana
fruithiddenTortricidaeAethes rubigana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria lappae
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria lappella
rootvagrantSyrphidaeCheilosia impressa
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia vulpina
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus sturnus
stemborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeCeratapion carduorum
flowervagrantdoubtfulAphididaeUroleucon cirsicola
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis zernyi
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza lappae
fruitgallTephritidaeTerellia tussilaginis
flowerborerTephritidaeChaetostomella cylindrica
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis bardanae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces depressus
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula lappae
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera xanthii
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia abscondita
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza continua
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza lappae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza lappivora
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaePhytomyza penicilla
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya laticornis
leafminerChoreutidaeTebenna micalis
leafminerChrysomelidaeSphaeroderma rubidum
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora onopordiella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora paripennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora peribenanderi
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix arenella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix carduella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix propinquella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix subpropinquella
leafminerPsychidaeApterona gracilis
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia silvatica
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia bardanae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae mordvilkoi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria inturbida
root collarborerApionidaeCeratapion onopordi
root collargallCurculionidaeCleonis pigra
rootgallTortricidaeEpiblema scutulana
rootvagrantAphididaeProtrama radicis
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeSmynthurodes betae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
root collarvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lateralis
root collarvagrantAphididaeDysaphis lappae lappae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCapitophorus elaeagni
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 5.ix.2020