Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Carduus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leaf budborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes chalcomera
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera ferruginea
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera transversa
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera melanostoma
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera interpunctata
leafminerChrysomelidaeSphaeroderma rubidum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina umbratilis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaePachyprotasis rapae
flowerborerPyralidaeHomoeosoma nimbella
rootborerTortricidaeEpiblema cirsiana
stemborerDepressariidaeAgonopterix straminella
flowerborerPyralidaeMyelois circumvoluta
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma cana
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeLarinus planus
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis posterana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis dubitana
rootborerTortricidaeAgapeta hamana
fruitborerTortricidaeAethes cnicana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria cardui
flowerborerPyralidaePhycitodes binaevella
flowerborerCosmopterigidaePyroderces argyrogrammos
fruitborerPyralidaeHomoeosoma nebulella
unknownborerdoubtfulSyrphidaeCheilosia mutabilis
stemborerSyrphidaeCheilosia cynocephala
root collarborerSyrphidaeCheilosia albipila
stemborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion scalptum
root collarborerSyrphidaeCheilosia fraterna
root collarborerSyrphidaeCheilosia grossa
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus horridus
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeHadroplontus trimaculatus
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeHadroplontus litura
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus escorialensis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus filiformis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus pulverulentus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus scolymi
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus turbinatus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus sturnus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus iaceae
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion calcaratum
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion gibbirostre
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeCeratapion basicorne
stemborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion carduorum
vagrantAphididaeUroleucon macrosiphon
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis hendeliana
flowerborerdoubtfulTephritidaeTephritis acanthiophilopsis
leafvagrantTriozidaeTrioza cirsii
flowervagrantrarelyAphididaeUroleucon jaceae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza aeneoventris
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis acanthoidis
flowervagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyperomyzus lactucae
fruitvagrantdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora frischella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis hyoscyami
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia serratulae
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia winthemi
flowerborerTephritidaeChaetostomella cylindrica
flowergallCurculionidaeRhinocyllus conicus
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria balasi
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum cardui
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis conura
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora solstitialis
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora stylata
leafborerTephritidaeXyphosia miliaria
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces montagnei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula lappae
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafgallAphididaeAphis wartenbergi
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza apfelbecki
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza cirsii
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza cirsiophaga
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza continua
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza spinaciae
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya hessei
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya steini
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya terebrans
leafminerChoreutidaeTebenna micalis
leafminerChrysomelidaeSphaeroderma testaceum
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora follicularis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora paripennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora peribenanderi
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora trochilella
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix arenella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix carduella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix propinquella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix subpropinquella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa acuminatella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa perinii
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita notata
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesAecidium cardui
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia cardui-carlinoidis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia carduorum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia cardui-pycnocephali
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus cardui
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
root collarborerApionidaeCeratapion onopordi
root collargallCurculionidaeCleonis pigra
rootgallTortricidaeEpiblema scutulana
rootvagrantAphididaeProtrama radicis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
root collarvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lateralis
leafvagrantAphididaeCapitophorus carduinus
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon aeneum
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCapitophorus elaeagni

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 29.vi.2020