Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Cirsium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
unknownborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeCeratapion basicorne
root collarborerApionidaeCeratapion penetrans
flowerhiddenPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips distinguendus
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips pillichi
systemicgallPseudomonadalesPseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips validus
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips fuscipennis
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips major
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips physapus
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeAltica carduorum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina speciosissima
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina virgulata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina elongata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida algirica
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida alpina
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida palaestina
leafvagrantdoubtfulChrysomelidaeCassida panzeri
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida vibex
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida rubiginosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeLema cyanella
leaf budborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes chalcomera
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera peirolerii
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera ferruginea
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera brevicollis
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera motschulskii
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera melanostoma
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera interpunctata
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera transversa
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera impressa
rootvagrantChrysomelidaeLongitarsus kutscherai
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina umbratilis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina rufa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGaleruca pomonae
predatorHelicobasidialesTuberculina maxima
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha lacunana
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCalyciphora albodactylus
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCalyciphora nephelodactyla
leafhiddenCrambidaeSitochroa verticalis
leafhiddendoubtfulDepressariidaeAgonopterix kaekeritziana
rootborerTortricidaeEpiblema cirsiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeLarinus planus
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledonides lunana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia pasiuana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis posterana
stemborerTortricidaeLobesia abscisana
flowerborerPyralidaeMyelois circumvoluta
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEndothenia oblongana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis dubitana
rootborerTortricidaeAgapeta hamana
fruitborerTortricidaeAethes cnicana
fruithiddenTortricidaeAethes rubigana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria cirsii
unknownborerdoubtfulProdoxidaeLampronia rupella
flowerborerPyralidaePhycitodes binaevella
flowerborerCosmopterigidaePyroderces caesaris
fruitborerPyralidaeHomoeosoma nebulella
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria neuropterella
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma cana
unknownborerdoubtfulSyrphidaeCheilosia velutina
unknownborerSyrphidaeCheilosia melanura
stemborerSyrphidaeCheilosia vernalis
stemborerdoubtfulSyrphidaeCheilosia cynocephala
unknownborerSyrphidaeCheilosia flavipes
rootborerSyrphidaeCheilosia vulpina
stemborerSyrphidaeCheilosia chloris
stemborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion scalptum
root collarborerSyrphidaeCheilosia albipila
root collarborerSyrphidaeCheilosia grossa
root collarborerSyrphidaeCheilosia fraterna
root collarborerSyrphidaeCheilosia proxima
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeTrichosirocalus horridus
unknownborerlarvaCurculionidaeHadroplontus trimaculatus
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeHadroplontus litura
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus filiformis
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus scolopax
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus pulverulentus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus sturnus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus iaceae
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus turbinatus
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion gibbirostre
stemborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion carduorum
flowervagrantmainAphididaeUroleucon cirsicola
rootvagrantAphididaeProtrama flavescens
vagrantAphididaeUroleucon macrosiphon
rootvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeProtaphis anthemidis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafscaleCoccidaeCoccus hesperidum
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeClinodiplosis cirsii
leafvagrantdoubtfulTriozidaeTrioza flixiana
leafminerChrysomelidaeSphaeroderma testaceum
flowervagrantrarelyAphididaeUroleucon jaceae
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza eriolepidis
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza aeneoventris
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAphis acanthoidis
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallrarelyTephritidaeTerellia tussilaginis
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis cirsii
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis acanthiophilopsis
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis cometa
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia longicauda
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia ruficauda
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia serratulae
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia winthemi
flowerborerTephritidaeChaetorellia jaceae
flowerborerTephritidaeChaetostomella cylindrica
flowerborerTephritidaeEnsina sonchi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella cirsiicola
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella compositarum
flowergallCurculionidaeRhinocyllus conicus
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus cirsii
flowergalldoubtfulMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum cardui
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis conura
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora congrua
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora stylata
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora terebrans
flowergallTephritidaeAcanthiophilus helianthi
flowergallUrocystidalesThecaphora trailii
leafborerTephritidaeXyphosia miliaria
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe mayorii var. mayorii
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces montagnei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula lappae
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera xanthii
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia cirsii
leafgallAphididaeUroleucon cirsii
leafgallAphididaeAphis cirsiioleracei
leafgallAphididaeCapitophorus horni
leafgallCecidomyiidaeClinodiplosis oleracei
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria anthocoptes
leafgalldoubtfulPsyllidaeCraspedolepta nervosa
leafgalldoubtfulTaphrinalesProtomyces cirsii-oleracei
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza agrophila
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza viridula
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza soror
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza apfelbecki
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeAmauromyza carlinae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza albiceps
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza autumnalis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza cirsii
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza cirsiophaga
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza continua
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza heterophylli
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza spinaciae
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaePhytomyza spoliata
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya steini
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya terebrans
leafminerChoreutidaeTebenna micalis
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora follicularis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora paripennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora peribenanderi
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix arenella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix carduella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix ferocella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix nanatella aridella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix propinquella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix subpropinquella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa acuminatella
leafminerGelechiidaeGnorimoschema ochraceellum
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara halterata
leafminerSciaridaePhytosciara macrotricha
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia lineata
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita globulariae
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita graeca
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita notata
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita tenuicornis
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula spinulosa
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium globosum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium sanguineum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia caricis-frigidae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia cirsii-sempervirentis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia dioicae
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia cirsii-eriophori
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia cnici
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia punctiformis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia laschii
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia cnici-oleracei
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia lemonnieriana
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia odontolepidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus cardui
leafvagrantTriozidaeTrioza cirsii
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera nigricornis
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemgallTephritidaeUrophora cardui
root collarborerApionidaeCeratapion onopordi
root collargallCurculionidaeCleonis pigra
rootgallTortricidaeEpiblema scutulana
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
rootvagrantAphididaeProtrama radicis
predatorCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis cirsii
inquilineCecidomyiidaeLauthia cardui
leafvagrantsummer generationmainAphididaeAphis fabae cirsiiacanthoidis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae frangulae
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis janischi
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
root collarvagrantAphididaeBrachycaudus lateralis
leafvagrantAphididaeCapitophorus carduinus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCapitophorus elaeagni
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeCapitophorus gynoxanthus
root collarvagrantAphididaeDysaphis lappae cirsii
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon aeneum

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 6.ix.2020