Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Cynara cardunculus

globe artichoke

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemborerNoctuidaeGortyna xanthenes
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida deflorata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeVanessa cardui
leafvagrantNymphalidaeMelitaea aetherie
rootborerBuprestidaeSphenoptera rauca
flowergallTephritidaeAcanthiophilus helianthi
stemborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion scalptum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida algirica
leafhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria erinaceella
unknownunknowndoubtfulCrambidaeAporodes floralis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus cynarae
leafborerApionidaeCeratapion damryi
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus scolymi
stemborerlarvadoubtfulApionidaeCeratapion carduorum
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria cynarae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia fuscicornis
flowergalldoubtfulTephritidaeUrophora terebrans
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces montagnei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula lappae
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafgallAphididaeCapitophorus horni
leafminerAgromyzidaeAgromyza apfelbecki
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerrarelyAnthomyiidaePegomya steini
leafminerChrysomelidaeSphaeroderma rubidum
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora argenteonivea
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix subpropinquella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
flowervagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeHyperomyzus lactucae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae mordvilkoi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeCapitophorus elaeagni


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.


The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 14.ix.2021