Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi


Onopordum scotch thistle, cotton thistle

(For a dichotomous table for galls on Onopordum by Hans Roskam click here)

Dichotomous table for leafminers

1a large and long transparant, lobed, blotch, associated with the midrib: Scrobipalpa acuminatella

1b mine not associated with the midrib, smaller, more a corridor => 2

1c galls, etc => Tables for all parasites per species

2a corridor short; larva later lives free: Agonopterix subpropinquella

2b corridor long or very long; larva remains in the mine until close to pupation => 3

3a corridor very long; larva with chitinised head; frass in a single row; pupation outside the mine: Sphaeroderma testaceum

3b corridor not exceptionally long; frass in a double row; puparium within the mine => 4

4a corridor long, little branched, inter-parenchymal (yellow-green): Phytomyza spinaciae

4b corridor shorter, irregularly branched, not inter-parenchymal (whitish) => 5

5a corridor sides roughly parallel; larva: rear spiraculum with 6-8 papillae: Chromatomyia cf. syngenesiae

5b corridor side irregularly eaten out; rear spiraculum with 12-18 papillae: Phytomyza autumnalis

Not included in the key: Agonopterix arenella; Coleophora onopordiella; Sphaeroderma rubidum.

Tables for all parasites per species

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