Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carlina corymbosa

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta carlinae
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Passalora carlinae
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris nemoralis
leaf vagrant Miridae Halticus macrocephalus
leaf vagrant Erebidae Eublemma ostrina
leaf vagrant Geometridae Aspitates ochrearia
flower borer larva rarely Curculionidae Larinus cynarae
flower borer Tephritidae Terellia colon
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus ursus
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Tabulaephorus punctinervis
flower borer Cosmopterigidae Pyroderces argyrogrammos
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus scolopax
systemic vagrant Aphididae Protaphis terricola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis craccivora
flower vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon jaceae
stem vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon helenae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces montagnei
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf gall doubtful Eriophyidae Aceria carlinae
leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix nanatella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia divergens


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 1.xii.2022