Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carlina vulgaris

carline thistle

synonym: Carlina taurica

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaePassalora carlinae
leafleaf spotDothideomycetesAsteromella carlinae
leafvagrantErebidaeEublemma ostrina
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita subsolana
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita chloros
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHephathus nanus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus ursus
root collarborerApionidaeCeratapion penetrans
rootgallCurculionidaePseudocleonus grammicus
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCalyciphora albodactylus
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCalyciphora xanthodactyla
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria neuropterella
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeLarinus planus
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon carlinae
vagrantAphididaeUroleucon macrosiphon
leafvagrantAphididaeProtaphis carlinae
flowerborersummer generationPterophoridaeHellinsia carphodactyla
stemborerspring generationPterophoridaeHellinsia carphodactyla
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon helenae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCurculionidaeLarinus pollinis
flowergallGelechiidaeMetzneria aestivella
flowergallTephritidaeAcanthiophilus helianthi
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora terebrans
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces montagnei
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza carlinae
leafminerChoreutidaeTebenna micalis
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix arenella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix nanatella
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia divergens


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 15.ix.2022