Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Carlina

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerborerPyralidaeHomoeosoma nimbella
leafhiddenChoreutidaeTebenna bjerkandrella
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCalyciphora xanthodactyla
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCalyciphora albodactylus
leafvagrantPterophoridaeTabulaephorus punctinervis
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix ferocella
rootborerTortricidaeEpiblema cirsiana
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria neuropterella
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeLarinus planus
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
flowerborerPyralidaeMyelois circumvoluta
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria utzkae
flowerborerPterophoridaeAmblyptilia acanthadactyla
flowerborerCosmopterigidaePyroderces argyrogrammos
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus scolopax
flowergallCurculionidaeLarinus pollinis
vagrantAphididaeUroleucon macrosiphon
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon carlinae
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis vandergooti
flowerborersummer generationPterophoridaeHellinsia carphodactyla
stemborerspring generationPterophoridaeHellinsia carphodactyla
leafvagrantAphididaeProtaphis carlinae
fruitvagrantdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora frischella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon jaceae
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon helenae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowergallCurculionidaeLarinus pollinis
flowergallGelechiidaeMetzneria aestivella
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora terebrans
flowergallTephritidaeAcanthiophilus helianthi
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces montagnei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria carlinae
leafminerAgromyzidaeAmauromyza carlinae
leafminerChoreutidaeTebenna micalis
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora paripennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora peribenanderi
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix arenella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix nanatella
leafminerElachistidaePerittia carlinella
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita subsolana
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia carlinae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia divergens
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
rootgallCurculionidaePseudocleonus grammicus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 14.iii.2020