Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Carthamus lanatus

downy safflower

synonym: Kentrophyllum lanatum

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafminerChrysomelidaeSphaeroderma rubidum
stemborerCurculionidaeThamnurgus caucasicus
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia luteola
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia colon
flowergallTephritidaeAcanthiophilus helianthi
stemborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion scalptum
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida algirica
flowerborerCurculionidaeBangasternus planifrons
flowerborerCosmopterigidaePyroderces argyrogrammos
fruitborerPyralidaeHomoeosoma nebulella
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus scolopax
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus flavescens
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus iaceae
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon carthami
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
flowergallCurculionidaeLarinus carinirostris
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus carthami
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora mauritanica
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces montagnei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula lappae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia carthami
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia verruca
root collargallCynipidaePhanacis kiefferi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon aeneum
flowervagrantrarelyAphididaeUroleucon jaceae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 1.iv.2021