Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Carthamus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerborerCurculionidaeBangasternus planifrons
unknownunknownCurculionidaeLixus speciosus
flowerborerCurculionidaeLarinus syriacus
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix carduncelli
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerborerCosmopterigidaePyroderces argyrogrammos
fruitborerPyralidaeHomoeosoma nebulella
stemborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion scalptum
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus scolopax
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus flavescens
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus iaceae
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea amoena
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon carthami
unknownvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon ilka
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea stellata
flowergallCurculionidaeLarinus carinirostris
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus carthami
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora mauritanica
flowergallTephritidaeAcanthiophilus helianthi
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces cichoracearum
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces montagnei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula lappae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafdownPeronosporalesPlasmopara carthami
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafpustuledoubtfulChytridialesSynchytrium solstitiale
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia carthami
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia carduncelli
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia kentrophylli
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia verruca
root collargallCynipidaePhanacis kiefferi
rootgallCynipidaePhanacis carthami
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon aeneum
flowervagrantrarelyAphididaeUroleucon jaceae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 24.v.2020