organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower gall larva Curculionidae Larinus planus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Sparganothis pilleriana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Philedonides lunana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
flower hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
flower hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia genitalana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia pasiuana
flower borer Tortricidae Cochylis posterana
fruit borer doubtful Tortricidae Aethes deutschiana
flower borer Pyralidae Myelois circumvoluta
root borer doubtful Tortricidae Endothenia oblongana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Argyrotaenia ljungiana
flower borer Tortricidae Cochylis dubitana
root borer Tortricidae Agapeta zoegana
unknown unknown Tortricidae Aethes decimana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Aphelia viburniana
fruit hidden Tortricidae Aethes smeathmanniana
systemic witches’ broom Eriophyidae Aceria solcentaureae
flower borer Cosmopterigidae Pyroderces argyrogrammos
flower borer Cosmopterigidae Pyroderces caesaris
flower borer Gelechiidae Metzneria campicolella
flower borer Gelechiidae Metzneria subflavella
flower gall Gelechiidae Metzneria metzneriella
flower borer Gelechiidae Metzneria paucipunctella
flower borer rarely Gelechiidae Metzneria neuropterella
flower borer Gelechiidae Metzneria aprilella
flower borer Gelechiidae Metzneria ehikeella
root collar borer summer generation Tortricidae Cochylimorpha straminea
unknown borer Syrphidae Cheilosia nebulosa
flower gall Curculionidae Rhinocyllus conicus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus filiformis
flower borer larva Curculionidae Bangasternus orientalis
root borer larva Curculionidae Cyphocleonus dealbatus
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus scolopax
unknown unknown larva Curculionidae Cyphocleonus hedenborgi
root gall larva Curculionidae Cyphocleonus achates
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus pulverulentus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus rugulosus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus curtus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus turbinatus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus flavescens
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus iaceae
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus centaurii
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus obtusus
flower borer larva Curculionidae Larinus sturnus
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes setiger
root borer larva Apionidae Ceratapion decolor
root collar borer larva Apionidae Ceratapion gibbirostre
leaf miner larva Apionidae Ceratapion austriacum
unknown borer larva Apionidae Ceratapion armatum
root collar borer larva Apionidae Ceratapion orientale
unknown borer larva Apionidae Ceratapion basicorne
root vagrant Aphididae Trama centaureae
root vagrant Aphididae Trama rara
root vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis centaureae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia horticola
flower borer rarely Gelechiidae Ptocheuusa paupella
flower borer Tephritidae Chaetorellia acrolophi
leaf down Peronosporales Bremia lactucae
flower borer doubtful Tephritidae Tephritis acanthiophilopsis
stem gall Tephritidae Trypeta lemei
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Apteropeda orbiculata
stem borer Agromyzidae Hexomyza centaureae
stem miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza jaceicaulis
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza oligophaga
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza dettmeri
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia spenceri
stem borer Agromyzidae Napomyza hirticornis
fruit vagrant doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora frischella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
root vagrant summer generation Aphididae Rectinasus buxtoni
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria solstitialis
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria squarrosae
fruit gall Cynipidae Isocolus jaceae
fruit gall Tephritidae Urophora quadrifasciata
fruit gall Tephritidae Urophora quadrifasciata algerica
flower borer Tephritidae Terellia ceratocera
flower borer Tephritidae Terellia colon
flower borer Tephritidae Terellia virens
flower borer Tephritidae Trupanea amoena
flower borer Tephritidae Trupanea stellata
flower borer Tephritidae Chaetorellia jaceae
flower borer Tephritidae Chaetorellia loricata
flower borer Tephritidae Chaetostomella cylindrica
flower borer Tephritidae Acinia corniculata
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura miki
flower gall Curculionidae Larinus longirostris
flower gall Curculionidae Larinus minutus
flower gall Cynipidae Isocolus centaureae
flower gall Cynipidae Isocolus cirsii
flower gall Cynipidae Isocolus flavus
flower gall Cynipidae Isocolus ponticus
flower gall Cynipidae Isocolus rogenhoferi
flower gall Cynipidae Isocolus similis
flower gall Cynipidae Isocolus volgensis
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria brevisetosa
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria calathidis
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria grandis
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria acroptiloni
flower gall Tephritidae Urophora affinis
flower gall Tephritidae Urophora aprica
flower gall Tephritidae Urophora cuspidata
flower gall Tephritidae Urophora hispanica
flower gall Tephritidae Urophora jaceana
flower gall Tephritidae Urophora jaculata
flower gall Tephritidae Urophora lopholomae
flower gall Tephritidae Urophora sirunaseva
flower gall Tephritidae Urophora sjumorum
flower gall main Tephritidae Acanthiophilus helianthi
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura centaureae
leaf borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia beckeri
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces depressus
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces montagnei
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula lappae
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula picridis
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera xanthii
leaf down Peronosporales Bremia centaureae
leaf down Peronosporales Bremia lactucae
leaf gall Aphididae Uroleucon montanivorum
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Loewiola centaureae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria centaureae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Aulagromyza similis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia syngenesiae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bessarabica
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza bryoniae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza centaureae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza trifolii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza autumnalis
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza cinerea
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza montana
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza spinaciae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza spoliata
leaf miner Anthomyiidae Pegomya centaureae
leaf miner Bucculatricidae Bucculatrix infans
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Sphaeroderma rubidum
leaf miner Chrysomelidae Dibolia pelleti
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora argenteonivea
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora brevipalpella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora caelebipennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora centaureivora
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora conspicuella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora didymella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora gardesanella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora paripennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora peribenanderi
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora rectilineella
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis
leaf miner doubtful Curculionidae Pseudorchestes cinereus
leaf miner Curculionidae Pseudorchestes ermischi
leaf miner Curculionidae Pseudorchestes heringi
leaf miner Curculionidae Pseudorchestes persimilis
leaf miner Curculionidae Pseudorchestes pratensis
leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix arenella
leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix carduella
leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix propinquella
leaf miner Depressariidae Agonopterix subpropinquella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa halonella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa perinii
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpula psilella
leaf miner Gelechiidae Scrobipalpula seniorum
leaf miner Psychidae Apterona helicoidella
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia lineata
leaf miner Tortricidae Cnephasia sedana
leaf miner Zygaenidae Jordanita budensis
leaf miner Zygaenidae Jordanita chloros
leaf miner Zygaenidae Jordanita globulariae
leaf miner Zygaenidae Jordanita graeca
leaf miner Zygaenidae Jordanita notata
leaf miner Zygaenidae Jordanita subsolana
leaf pustule Albuginales Pustula spinulosa
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium solstitiale
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium taraxaci
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia arenariicola
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia caricis-montanae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia dioicae
leaf pustule aecia Pucciniales Puccinia scabiosae-sempervirentis
leaf pustule aecia uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia centaureae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia centaureae-asperae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia cyani
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia jaceae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia beltranii
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia benedicti
leaf pustule uredinia telia doubtful Pucciniales Puccinia calcitrapae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia microlonchi
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia montana
leaf pustule telia doubtful Pucciniales Puccinia cnici-oleracei
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia verruca
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Aceria thessalonicae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus jaceae
stem borer Agromyzidae Napomyza lateralis
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia curvipalpis
stem borer Cynipidae Phanacis crassinervis
stem borer Cynipidae Phanacis varians
stem borer Tephritidae Terellia plagiata
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall Cynipidae Isocolus lichtensteini
stem gall Cynipidae Isocolus scabiosae
stem gall Cynipidae Phanacis centaureae
stem gall Tephritidae Campiglossa misella
root collar borer Apionidae Ceratapion onopordi
root collar borer Apionidae Ceratapion penetrans
root collar gall Curculionidae Cleonis pigra
root collar gall Cynipidae Isocolus fitchi
root gall main Curculionidae Pseudocleonus grammicus
root gall Meloidogynidae Meloidogyne hapla
root gall Tortricidae Epiblema scutulana
root vagrant Aphididae Trama troglodytes
root vagrant Aphididae Protrama radicis
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa arenbergeri
unknown unknown Gelechiidae Scrobipalpa pauperella
predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis miki
leaf vagrant Aphididae Chaetosiphella stipae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella staegeri
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Myzus persicae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae fabae
systemic vagrant Aphididae Protaphis terricola
root collar vagrant Aphididae Acaudinum centaureae
stem vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphoniella staegeri
systemic vagrant Aphididae Acaudinum bulgaricum
root collar vagrant doubtful Aphididae Acaudinum centaureae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Paczoskia obtecta
root collar vagrant spring generation Aphididae Acaudinum roumanicum
stem vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon jaceicola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Acaudinum roumanicum
flower vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon jaceae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

mod 21.xi.2019