Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Centaurea

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina caerulea
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeOreina bidentata
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina fuliginosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina lepida
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida bergeali
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida vibex
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida pannonica
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida rubiginosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida alpina
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina bankii
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida palaestina
leaf budborerChrysomelidaePsylliodes chalcomera
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera transversa
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera crassicornis
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina fuliginosa
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGaleruca tanaceti
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeGaleruca pomonae
rootvagrantCurculionidaeStrophosoma faber
flowerborerCurculionidaeBangasternus fausti
unknownscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus centaurea
rootscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus cingulatus
stemscaleEriococcidaeAcanthococcus thymi
unknownunknownGelechiidaeMetzneria hilarella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix laterella
rootborerTortricidaeEpiblema cirsiana
leafhiddendoubtfulGelechiidaeDichomeris rasilella
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria neuropterella
leafhiddenCrambidaeSitochroa verticalis
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix kaekeritziana
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix pallorella
unknownunknownPyralidaeEpischnia prodromella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix flurii
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix mendesi
rootborerTortricidaeEpiblema cirsiana
rootborerTortricidaePelochrista caecimaculana
flowerborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEucosma obumbratana
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma hohenwartiana
flowerborerrarelyTortricidaeEucosma cana
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma fulvana
stemgalldoubtfulTortricidaeEucosma albidulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis spectrana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis senecionana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis dumetana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeLarinus planus
leafhiddenTortricidaeSparganothis pilleriana
leafhiddenTortricidaePhiledonides lunana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
flowerhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia genitalana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia pasiuana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis posterana
fruitborerdoubtfulTortricidaeAethes deutschiana
flowerborerPyralidaeMyelois circumvoluta
rootborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEndothenia oblongana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArgyrotaenia ljungiana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis dubitana
rootborerTortricidaeAgapeta zoegana
unknownunknownTortricidaeAethes decimana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
fruithiddenTortricidaeAethes smeathmanniana
systemicwitches’ broomEriophyidaeAceria solcentaureae
flowerborerCosmopterigidaePyroderces argyrogrammos
flowerborerCosmopterigidaePyroderces caesaris
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria campicolella
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria subflavella
flowergallGelechiidaeMetzneria metzneriella
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria paucipunctella
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria aprilella
flowerborerGelechiidaeMetzneria ehikeella
root collarborersummer generationTortricidaeCochylimorpha straminea
unknownborerSyrphidaeCheilosia nebulosa
flowergallCurculionidaeRhinocyllus conicus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus filiformis
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeBangasternus orientalis
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeCyphocleonus dealbatus
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus scolopax
unknownunknownlarvaCurculionidaeCyphocleonus hedenborgi
rootgalllarvaCurculionidaeCyphocleonus achates
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus pulverulentus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus rugulosus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus curtus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus turbinatus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus flavescens
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus iaceae
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus centaurii
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus obtusus
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeLarinus sturnus
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes setiger
rootborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion decolor
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion gibbirostre
leafminerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion austriacum
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion armatum
root collarborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion orientale
unknownborerlarvaApionidaeCeratapion basicorne
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama centaureae
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama rara
rootvagrantAphididaeDysaphis centaureae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
flowerborerrarelyGelechiidaePtocheuusa paupella
flowerborerTephritidaeChaetorellia acrolophi
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
flowerborerdoubtfulTephritidaeTephritis acanthiophilopsis
stemgallTephritidaeTrypeta lemei
leafminerChrysomelidaeApteropeda orbiculata
stemborerAgromyzidaeHexomyza centaureae
stemminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza jaceicaulis
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza oligophaga
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza dettmeri
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia spenceri
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza hirticornis
fruitvagrantdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora frischella
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae solanella
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRectinasus buxtoni
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria solstitialis
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria squarrosae
fruitgallCynipidaeIsocolus jaceae
fruitgallTephritidaeUrophora quadrifasciata
fruitgallTephritidaeUrophora quadrifasciata algerica
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia ceratocera
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia colon
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia virens
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea amoena
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea stellata
flowerborerTephritidaeChaetorellia jaceae
flowerborerTephritidaeChaetorellia loricata
flowerborerTephritidaeChaetostomella cylindrica
flowerborerTephritidaeAcinia corniculata
flowergallCecidomyiidaeDasineura miki
flowergallCurculionidaeLarinus longirostris
flowergallCurculionidaeLarinus minutus
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus centaureae
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus cirsii
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus flavus
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus ponticus
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus rogenhoferi
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus similis
flowergallCynipidaeIsocolus volgensis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria brevisetosa
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria calathidis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria grandis
flowergallEriophyidaeAceria acroptiloni
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora affinis
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora aprica
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora cuspidata
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora hispanica
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora jaceana
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora jaculata
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora lopholomae
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora sirunaseva
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora sjumorum
flowergallmainTephritidaeAcanthiophilus helianthi
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura centaureae
leafborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia beckeri
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces depressus
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces montagnei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula lappae
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula picridis
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera xanthii
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia centaureae
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafgallAphididaeUroleucon montanivorum
leafgallCecidomyiidaeLoewiola centaureae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria centaureae
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza similis
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bessarabica
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza centaureae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza autumnalis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza cinerea
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza montana
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza spinaciae
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza spoliata
leafminerAnthomyiidaePegomya centaureae
leafminerBucculatricidaeBucculatrix infans
leafminerChrysomelidaeSphaeroderma rubidum
leafminerChrysomelidaeDibolia pelleti
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora argenteonivea
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora brevipalpella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora caelebipennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora centaureivora
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora conspicuella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora didymella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora gardesanella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora paripennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora peribenanderi
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora rectilineella
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerdoubtfulCurculionidaePseudorchestes cinereus
leafminerCurculionidaePseudorchestes ermischi
leafminerCurculionidaePseudorchestes heringi
leafminerCurculionidaePseudorchestes persimilis
leafminerCurculionidaePseudorchestes pratensis
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix arenella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix carduella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix propinquella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix subpropinquella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa halonella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa perinii
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpula psilella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpula seniorum
leafminerPsychidaeApterona helicoidella
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia lineata
leafminerTortricidaeCnephasia sedana
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita budensis
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita chloros
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita globulariae
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita graeca
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita notata
leafminerZygaenidaeJordanita subsolana
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula spinulosa
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium solstitiale
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium taraxaci
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia arenariicola
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia caricis-montanae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia dioicae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia scabiosae-sempervirentis
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia centaureae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia centaureae-asperae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia cyani
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia jaceae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia beltranii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia benedicti
leafpustuleuredinia teliadoubtfulPuccinialesPuccinia calcitrapae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia microlonchi
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia montana
leafpustuleteliadoubtfulPuccinialesPuccinia cnici-oleracei
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia verruca
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeAceria thessalonicae
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus jaceae
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia curvipalpis
stemborerCynipidaePhanacis crassinervis
stemborerCynipidaePhanacis varians
stemborerTephritidaeTerellia plagiata
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCynipidaeIsocolus lichtensteini
stemgallCynipidaeIsocolus scabiosae
stemgallCynipidaePhanacis centaureae
stemgallTephritidaeCampiglossa misella
root collarborerApionidaeCeratapion onopordi
root collarborerApionidaeCeratapion penetrans
root collargallCurculionidaeCleonis pigra
root collargallCynipidaeIsocolus fitchi
rootgallmainCurculionidaePseudocleonus grammicus
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootgallTortricidaeEpiblema scutulana
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
rootvagrantAphididaeProtrama radicis
unknownunknownGelechiidaeScrobipalpa arenbergeri
unknownunknownGelechiidaeScrobipalpa pauperella
predatorCecidomyiidaeLestodiplosis miki
leafvagrantAphididaeChaetosiphella stipae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
stemvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphoniella staegeri
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
root collarvagrantAphididaeAcaudinum centaureae
stemvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphoniella staegeri
systemicvagrantAphididaeAcaudinum bulgaricum
root collarvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeAcaudinum centaureae
leafvagrantAphididaePaczoskia obtecta
root collarvagrantspring generationAphididaeAcaudinum roumanicum
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon jaceicola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAcaudinum roumanicum
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon jaceae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 16.vii.2020