Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Serratula

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantRhopalidaeLiorhyssus hyalinus
leafvagrantRhopalidaeCorizus hyoscyami
stemborerdoubtfulCerambycidaeAgapanthia frivaldszkyi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAcosmetia caliginosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa bractea
leafvagrantZygaenidaeZygaena brizae
flowergallTephritidaeAcanthiophilus helianthi
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida rubiginosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya parvula
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCalyciphora albodactylus
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix pallorella
leafhiddenDepressariidaeAgonopterix bipunctosa
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma parvulana
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
flowergalllarvaCurculionidaeLarinus planus
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
rootborerTortricidaeAgapeta zoegana
fruitvagrantdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora frischella
fruitgallTephritidaeUrophora quadrifasciata
flowerborerCynipidaeAulacidea serratulae
flowerborerCynipidaePhanacis eugeniae
flowerborerTephritidaeTerellia vectensis
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea stellata
flowerborerTephritidaeChaetostomella cylindrica
flowergallGelechiidaeMetzneria metzneriella
flowergallTephritidaeUrophora spoliata
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces montagnei
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera erigerontis-canadensis
leafgallCecidomyiidaeLoewiola serratulae
leafgalldoubtfulEriophyidaeAceria centaureae
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus rigidus
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza cirsii
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza spinaciae
leafminerChrysomelidaeSphaeroderma rubidum
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora brevipalpella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora odorariella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora paripennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora serratulella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix arenella
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix kuznetzovi
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix propinquella
leafminerGelechiidaeScrobipalpa brahmiella
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia schroeteriana
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia schirajewskii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia tinctoriicola
leafpustuleteliaPuccinialesPuccinia serratulae
stemgallTortricidaeEucosma albidulana
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon minus


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 20.iv.2022