Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Cichorium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantCicadellidaeMacrosteles quadripunctulatus
flowergallTephritidaeCampiglossa producta
flowerhiddenThripidaeTenothrips frici
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo trabeata
stemgallEriococcidaeRhizococcus devoniensis
rootscalePseudococcidaePhenacoccus tergrigorianae
flowervagrantPterophoridaeCrombrugghia distans
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
flowerborerTortricidaePhalonidia contractana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeParaphytoptus intybi
root collarborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus bituberculatus
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes setiger
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces bolayi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis craccivora
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes proletella
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama maritima
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis vandergooti
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia inaequalis
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia cichorii
unknownvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon ilka
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowerborerTephritidaeEnsina sonchi
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum cichorii
leaf budgallEriophyidaeAceria cichorii
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces cichoracearum
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma cichorii
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza endiviae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza puella
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza sonchi
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia pinguis
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza continua
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza penicilla
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia littoralis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia cichorii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeNasonovia ribisnigri
leafvagrantTriozidaeBactericera nigricornis
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza cichorii
stemgallCynipidaeTimaspis cichorii
root collargallActinomycetalesRhodococcus fascians
root collargallAphididaeAphis intybi
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama caudata
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePemphigus bursarius
rootvagrantAphididaeProtrama radicis
stemvagrantrarelyAphididaeAcyrthosiphon lactucae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon cichorii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
flowervagrantdoubtfulAphididaeUroleucon picridis
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon mierae
rootvagrantAphididaeProtrama flavescens
flowervagrantsummer generationrarelyAphididaeHyperomyzus lactucae
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon sonchi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 25.xii.2020