Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Lapsana communis


organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
predatorPteromalidaeStinoplus lapsanae
predatorTorymidaeTorymus lapsanae
stemborerCerambycidaeHelladia praetexta
stemgallCecidomyiidaeLasioptera buhri
unknownunknownCurculionidaeGlocianus brevicollis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo trabeata
leafvagrantPterophoridaePselnophorus heterodactyla
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
flowerborerTortricidaePhalonidia gilvicomana
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes setiger
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes proletella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
root collargallAphididaeAphis intybi
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lapsanae
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia heringi
leafborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia beckeri
leafborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia cunctata
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces cichoracearum
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera erigerontis-canadensis
leafleaf spotCapnodialesDidymaria matricariae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia lampsanae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza eupatorii
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza puella
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia pulicaria
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza marginella
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza penicilla
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta immaculata
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia opizii
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia lapsanae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesColeosporium sonchi
leafvagrantAphididaeHyperomyzus lampsanae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeNasonovia ribisnigri
stemgallCynipidaeTimaspis lampsanae
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon cichorii
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis nasturtii
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon sonchi


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 10.v.2022