Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Hieracium

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf vagrant Thripidae Frankliniella nigriventris
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta hieracii
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Septoria mougeotii
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta hieraciicola
leaf leaf spot Glomerellaceae Colletotrichum dematium
leaf leaf spot Mycosphaerellaceae Pseudocercosporella hieracii
leaf leaf spot Dothideomycetes Asteromella corcontica
leaf leaf spot Didymellaceae Ascochyta doronici
leaf hidden Pterophoridae Oxyptilus chrysodactyla
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Spilostethus saxatilis
leaf vagrant Miridae Calocoris roseomaculatus
leaf vagrant Miridae Chlamydatus pullus
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus coriaceus
leaf vagrant Lygaeidae Nithecus jacobaeae
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius ericae
root vagrant rarely Scutelleridae Phimodera humeralis
leaf vagrant rarely Miridae Strongylocoris luridus
leaf vagrant UNKNOWN QUALIFIER Miridae Macrotylus herrichi
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus saltator
flower borer Pterophoridae Hellinsia osteodactylus
root collar vagrant Pentatomidae Sciocoris cursitans
leaf vagrant Miridae Orthocephalus saltator
fruit vagrant Lygaeidae Nysius huttoni
systemic vagrant Tingidae Tingis crispata
predator Miridae Dicyphus epilobii
predator Miridae Dicyphus errans
leaf vagrant Miridae Dicyphus escalerae
leaf vagrant Miridae Lygus wagneri
root vagrant Cydnidae Canthophorus melanopterus
leaf vagrant Miridae Hoplomachus thunbergii
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus kollari
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus morio
root vagrant Curculionidae Trachyphloeus bifoveolatus
root vagrant larva Curculionidae Otiorhynchus scaber
leaf vagrant adult Curculionidae Otiorhynchus krattereri
scale Pseudococcidae Fonscolombia europaea
flower vagrant Noctuidae Hecatera dysodea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polia nebulosa
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Lacanobia contigua
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza hieracii
flower predator Cecidomyiidae Lestodiplosis hieracii
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Epilecta linogrisea
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia ashworthii
stem borer Cerambycidae Agapanthiola leucaspis
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Pachetra sagittigera
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Noctua pronuba
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Xestia ashworthii
flower vagrant Noctuidae Hada plebeja
stem borer Cerambycidae Phytoecia virgula
flower vagrant Noctuidae Hecatera bicolorata
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Lasioptera buhri
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Melanchra persicariae
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Agrochola macilenta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis xanthomista
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis rufocincta
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Polymixis serpentina
flower vagrant Noctuidae Heliothis viriplaca
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra livida
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Amphipyra tetra
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Phlogophora meticulosa
leaf vagrant Erebidae Arctia caja
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa gamma
leaf vagrant Noctuidae Autographa bractea
flower vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia lactucae
flower vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia umbratica
flower vagrant Noctuidae Cucullia lucifuga
leaf vagrant Erebidae Phragmatobia fuliginosa
leaf vagrant doubtful Erebidae Arctia festiva
leaf vagrant Erebidae Parasemia plantaginis
leaf vagrant Erebidae Coscinia striata
leaf vagrant Geometridae Elophos dilucidaria
leaf vagrant Geometridae Gnophos furvata
leaf vagrant Erebidae Polypogon tentacularia
leaf vagrant Brahmaeidae Lemonia dumi
leaf vagrant Brahmaeidae Lemonia philopalus
leaf vagrant Brahmaeidae Lemonia taraxaci
leaf vagrant Erebidae Diacrisia sannio
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia orphnata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia centaureata
leaf vagrant Tingidae Kalama tricornis
flower borer Anthomyiidae Heterostylodes nominabilis
flower borer Anthomyiidae Heterostylodes pilifera
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Neoaliturus fenestratus
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Erythria alpina
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Eupteryx notata
leaf vagrant Cicadellidae Euscelis distinguendus
leaf vagrant Tingidae Galeatus maculatus
flower borer Tephritidae Tephritis matricariae
flower gall Tephritidae Campiglossa producta
root collar borer Tephritidae Heringina guttata
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips trehernei
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips physapus
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips validus
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips validus
flower borer Tephritidae Campiglossa achyrophori
flower hidden Thripidae Tenothrips frici
unknown unknown Chrysomelidae Cyrtonus punctipennis
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo neobesa
leaf vagrant Tenthredinidae Tenthredo mioceras
unknown scale Eriococcidae Rhizococcus henryi
flower borer Pyralidae Homoeosoma nimbella
stem scale Coccidae Parthenolecanium corni
root scale Pseudococcidae Atrococcus cracens
leaf scale Pseudococcidae Puto pilosellae
leaf hidden Tortricidae Celypha rivulana
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Oxyptilus ericetorum
leaf vagrant Pterophoridae Crombrugghia kollari
leaf hidden Pterophoridae Crombrugghia tristis
leaf hidden Pterophoridae Oxyptilus pilosellae
leaf pustule uredinia telia Depressariidae Agonopterix doronicella
leaf hidden Pterophoridae Oxyptilus parvidactyla
leaf hidden Scythrididae Scythris laminella
root borer Crambidae Scoparia subfusca
flower vagrant Pterophoridae Crombrugghia distans
flower vagrant Pterophoridae Crombrugghia laetus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Clepsis pallidana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Archips podana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
flower hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia longana
leaf bud hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia conspersana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia stephensiana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
flower hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia genitalana
root borer Tortricidae Celypha rurestrana
flower borer Tortricidae Cochylis dubitana
root borer Tortricidae Aethes tesserana
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus hieracii
systemic gall Eriophyidae Aceria caulleryi
unknown borer doubtful Syrphidae Cheilosia mutabilis
root vagrant Syrphidae Cheilosia urbana
stem borer Syrphidae Cheilosia psilophthalma
flower borer larva Curculionidae Glocianus moelleri
flower borer larva Curculionidae Glocianus distinctus
root borer larva Curculionidae Lixus angustus
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes setiger
stem borer larva Curculionidae Lixus tibialis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
stem vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon porrifolii
stem vagrant Ortheziidae Orthezia urticae
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia inaequalis
leaf vagrant Triozidae Trioza tatrensis
stem vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon pseudobscurum
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphis mohelnensis
flower vagrant Aphididae Aphis curtiseta
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis curtiseta
stem vagrant Aphididae Aphis heiei
root collar vagrant rarely Aphididae Aphis pilosellae
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus cardui
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Brachycaudus helichrysi
stem borer Agromyzidae Melanagromyza oligophaga
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia hieracii
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia heringi
root collar vagrant doubtful Psyllidae Craspedolepta sonchi
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
systemic borer Anguinidae Ditylenchus dipsaci
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Dasineura vulgatiformiae
flower borer Tephritidae Trupanea stellata
flower borer Tephritidae Ensina sonchi
flower borer Tephritidae Noeeta bisetosa
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia pilosellae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella compositarum
flower gall Cynipidae Aulacidea nibletti
flower gall Pterophoridae Hellinsia didactylites
flower gall Tephritidae Tephritis ruralis
flower gall Tephritidae Noeeta pupillata
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis hieracii
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces cichoracearum
leaf down Erysiphales Leveillula taurica
leaf down Erysiphales Podosphaera erigerontis-canadensis
leaf down Peronosporales Bremia lactucae
leaf leaf spot Entylomatales Entyloma hieracii
leaf gall Aphididae Aphis hieracii
leaf gall Aphididae Nasonovia compositellae
leaf gall Aphididae Nasonovia pilosellae
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Cystiphora sanguinea
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura nervicola
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Macrolabis pilosellae
leaf gall Cynipidae Aulacidea pilosellae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria longiseta
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria pilosellae
leaf gall Eriophyidae Eriophyes villificus
leaf gall doubtful Psyllidae Craspedolepta flavipennis
leaf gall Triozidae Trioza proxima
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza hieracii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza hieraciivora
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia pulicaria
leaf miner doubtful Agromyzidae Phytomyza erigerophila
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza marginella
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza rufescens
leaf miner doubtful Coleophoridae Coleophora pennella
leaf miner Coleophoridae Coleophora ramosella
leaf miner Cosmopterigidae Vulcaniella pomposella
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis
leaf miner main Scythrididae Scythris siccella
leaf miner Tephritidae Trypeta immaculata
leaf pustule Albuginales Pustula obtusata
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia hieracii
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Puccinia piloselloidearum
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Nasonovia ribisnigri
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia curvipalpis
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall Cynipidae Aulacidea hieracii
stem gall Cynipidae Diastrophus hieracii
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Anuraphis farfarae
root gall Cynipidae Aulacidea subterminalis
flower vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyperomyzus picridis
flower borer Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella pilosellae
leaf gall Aphididae Nasonovia compositellae nigra
leaf gall Aphididae Nasonovia compositellae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Pleotrichophorus deviatus
stem vagrant Aphididae Hyperomyzus hieracii
stem vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon cichorii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
leaf gall Aphididae Nasonovia compositellae hispanica
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis pilosellae
flower vagrant doubtful Aphididae Uroleucon picridis
stem vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon sonchi
root vagrant Aphididae Trama troglodytes
leaf vagrant Aphididae Acyrthosiphon malvae
stem vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon obscurum
flower vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon pilosellae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 19.i.2023