Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Hieracium

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerborerTephritidaeCampiglossa achyrophori
flowerhiddenThripidaeTenothrips frici
unknownunknownChrysomelidaeCyrtonus punctipennis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo neobesa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo mioceras
unknownscaleEriococcidaeRhizococcus henryi
flowerborerPyralidaeHomoeosoma nimbella
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
rootscalePseudococcidaeAtrococcus cracens
leafscalePseudococcidaePuto pilosellae
leafhiddenTortricidaeCelypha rivulana
leafvagrantPterophoridaeOxyptilus ericetorum
leafvagrantPterophoridaeCrombrugghia kollari
leafhiddenPterophoridaeCrombrugghia tristis
leafhiddenPterophoridaeOxyptilus pilosellae
leafpustuleuredinia teliaDepressariidaeAgonopterix doronicella
leafhiddenPterophoridaeOxyptilus parvidactyla
leafhiddenScythrididaeScythris laminella
rootborerCrambidaeScoparia subfusca
flowervagrantPterophoridaeCrombrugghia distans
flowervagrantPterophoridaeCrombrugghia laetus
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis pallidana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips podana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
flowerhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
leaf budhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia conspersana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
flowerhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia genitalana
rootborerTortricidaeCelypha rurestrana
flowerborerTortricidaeCochylis dubitana
rootborerTortricidaeAethes tesserana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus hieracii
systemicgallEriophyidaeAceria caulleryi
unknownborerdoubtfulSyrphidaeCheilosia mutabilis
rootvagrantSyrphidaeCheilosia urbana
stemborerSyrphidaeCheilosia psilophthalma
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeGlocianus moelleri
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeGlocianus distinctus
rootborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus angustus
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes setiger
stemborerlarvaCurculionidaeLixus tibialis
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
stemvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon porrifolii
stemvagrantOrtheziidaeOrthezia urticae
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia inaequalis
leafvagrantTriozidaeTrioza tatrensis
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon pseudobscurum
flowervagrantAphididaeAphis mohelnensis
flowervagrantAphididaeAphis curtiseta
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis curtiseta
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis heiei
root collarvagrantrarelyAphididaeAphis pilosellae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus cardui
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza oligophaga
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia hieracii
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia heringi
root collarvagrantdoubtfulPsyllidaeCraspedolepta sonchi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeDasineura vulgatiformiae
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea stellata
flowerborerTephritidaeEnsina sonchi
flowerborerTephritidaeNoeeta bisetosa
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia pilosellae
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella compositarum
flowergallCynipidaeAulacidea nibletti
flowergallPterophoridaeHellinsia didactylites
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis ruralis
flowergallTephritidaeNoeeta pupillata
leaf budgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis hieracii
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces cichoracearum
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula taurica
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera erigerontis-canadensis
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma hieracii
leafgallAphididaeAphis hieracii
leafgallAphididaeNasonovia compositellae
leafgallAphididaeNasonovia pilosellae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeCystiphora sanguinea
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura nervicola
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis pilosellae
leafgallCynipidaeAulacidea pilosellae
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria longiseta
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria pilosellae
leafgallEriophyidaeEriophyes villificus
leafgalldoubtfulPsyllidaeCraspedolepta flavipennis
leafgallTriozidaeTrioza proxima
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza hieracii
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza hieraciivora
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia pulicaria
leafminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaePhytomyza erigerophila
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza marginella
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza rufescens
leafminerdoubtfulColeophoridaeColeophora pennella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ramosella
leafminerCosmopterigidaeVulcaniella pomposella
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminermainScythrididaeScythris siccella
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta immaculata
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium aureum
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia hieracii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia piloselloidearum
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeNasonovia ribisnigri
stemborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia curvipalpis
stemgallAsterolecaniidaePlanchonia arabidis
stemgallCynipidaeAulacidea hieracii
stemgallCynipidaeDiastrophus hieracii
root collarvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAnuraphis farfarae
rootgallCynipidaeAulacidea subterminalis
flowervagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyperomyzus picridis
flowerborerCecidomyiidaeJaapiella pilosellae
leafgallAphididaeNasonovia compositellae nigra
leafgallAphididaeNasonovia compositellae
leafvagrantAphididaePleotrichophorus deviatus
stemvagrantAphididaeHyperomyzus hieracii
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon cichorii
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum solani
leafgallAphididaeNasonovia compositellae hispanica
root collarvagrantAphididaeAphis pilosellae
flowervagrantdoubtfulAphididaeUroleucon picridis
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon sonchi
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
leafvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon malvae
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon obscurum
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon pilosellae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 9.viii.2020