Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Reichardia

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower predator Aeolothripidae Aeolothrips tenuicornis
unknown unknown Thripidae Prosopothrips nigriceps
leaf hidden Thripidae Thrips tabaci
flower hidden Aeolothripidae Rhipidothrips unicolor
unknown unknown Thripidae Thrips mareoticus
predator Eulophidae Chrysocharis pubicornis
root collar vagrant Tettigometridae Tettigometra atra
leaf vagrant Erebidae Artimelia latreillei
flower borer Tephritidae Trupanea stellata
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia inaequalis
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia heringi
systemic vagrant Aphididae Protaphis terricola
systemic vagrant Aphididae Protaphis terricola
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae solanella
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Aphididae Aulacorthum solani
flower vagrant summer generation Aphididae Hyperomyzus lactucae
stem vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon cichorii
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Jaapiella reichardiae
leaf borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia beckeri
leaf miner Agromyzidae Chromatomyia syngenesiae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza sonchi
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia pulicaria
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza marginella
stem borer Agromyzidae Ophiomyia curvipalpis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Macrosiphum euphorbiae
root collar vagrant Aphididae Aphis picridis
flower gall Aphididae Uroleucon hypochoeridis
stem vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon sonchi

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 15.xi.2023