Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Sonchus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotPlectosphaerellaceaeSpermosporina sonchi-oleracei
predatorMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia coleosporii
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta sonchi
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeNysius ericae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia mejiasi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCaradrina rebeli
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCornutiplusia circumflexa
fruitvagrantLygaeidaeOxycarenus pallens
leafvagrantLygaeidaeNysius immunis
leafvagrantRhopalidaeStictopleurus punctatonervosus
seedsvagrantLygaeidaeXanthochilus saturnius
flowervagrantMiridaeClosterotomus trivialis
leafvagrantMiridaeLygus pratensis
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus chrysanthemi
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus norwegicus
leafvagrantRhopalidaeLiorhyssus hyalinus
leafdowndoubtfulErysiphalesGolovinomyces cichoracearum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeThysanoplusia daubei
root collarscalePseudococcidaeTrionymus multivorus
leafscaleCoccidaeSaissetia coffeae
stemscaleMargarodidaeIcerya purchasi
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia maura
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNaenia typica
leafvagrantNoctuidaePolia bombycina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAxylia putris
stemborerCerambycidaeAgapanthiola leucaspis
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaePolymixis bischoffii
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia suasa
flowervagrantNoctuidaeHecatera bicolorata
flowervagrantNoctuidaeHecatera dysodea
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeHyppa rectilinea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAgrochola humilis
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia lucifuga
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia pustulata
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia lactucae
flowervagrantNoctuidaeCucullia umbratica
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ornatus
leafvagrantErebidaeArtimelia latreillei
leafvagrantBrahmaeidaeLemonia philopalus
leafvagrantErebidaePhragmatobia fuliginosa
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia orphnata
unknownunknownGeometridaeEupithecia schuetzeata
unknownunknownGeometridaeEupithecia stertzi
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula guancharia
rootvagrantCurculionidaeDichromacalles dromedarius
leafvagrantTingidaeGaleatus scrophicus
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca fabalis
leafvagrantCicadellidaeHauptidia provincialis
stemborerCurculionidaeAphanarthrum aeonii
unknownunknownPhlaeothripidaeHaplothrips faurei
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips validus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeChrysolina reducens
leafvagrantadultChrysomelidaeNeocrepidodera femorata
unknownunknowndoubtfulChrysomelidaeCyrtonus fairmairei
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo neobesa
rootvagrantyounger larvaTortricidaeCelypha rufana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAcroclita sonchana
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma conterminana
flowerhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria badiella
flowerhiddenPyralidaePhycitodes albatella
flowervagrantPterophoridaeCrombrugghia distans
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma obumbratana
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips nigropilosus
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
rootborerTortricidaeCelypha rosaceana
stemborerSyrphidaeCheilosia vernalis
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes setiger
leafscaleAleyrodidaeBemisia tabaci
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes proletella
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia horticola
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis sambuci
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia stellata
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama maritima
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia inaequalis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeMyzus persicae
stemminerdoubtfulAgromyzidaeOphiomyia cichorii
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia heringi
stemminerAgromyzidaePhytoliriomyza arctica
root collarvagrantdoubtfulPsyllidaeCraspedolepta sonchi
unknownvagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon ilka
systemicvagrantAphididaeProtaphis terricola
flowervagrantAphididaeAcyrthosiphon scariolae
stemvagrantAphididaeAphis craccivora
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon cichorii
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea amoena
flowerborerTephritidaeEnsina sonchi
flowergallCecidomyiidaeChelobremia sublevis
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia schlechtendaliana
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis dilacerata
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis formosa
flowergallTephritidaeCampiglossa producta
flowervagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyperomyzus lactucae
leafborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia beckeri
leafborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia cunctata
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces sonchicola
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera erigerontis-canadensis
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera xanthii
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma crepidicola
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma sonchi
leafgallCecidomyiidaeCystiphora sonchi
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria sonchi
leafgallTaphrinalesProtomyces sonchi
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia syngenesiae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bryoniae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza bulgarica
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza endiviae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza sonchi
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza trifolii
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia pulicaria
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza marginella
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerDepressariidaeAgonopterix arenella
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta immaculata
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleChytridialesSynchytrium globosum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia isiacae
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia littoralis
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia opizii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia sonchina
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesColeosporium sonchi
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesMiyagia pseudosphaeria
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeHyperomyzus pallidus
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemborerCecidomyiidaeLasioptera ruebsaameni
stemgallCynipidaeTimaspis sonchi
stemgallCynipidaeAulacidea follioti
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama caudata
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaePemphigus bursarius
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeNasonovia ribisnigri
leafvagrantAphididaeMyzus ascalonicus
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis frangulae
leafvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum euphorbiae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii
flowervagrantdoubtfulAphididaeUroleucon picridis
stemvagrantmainAphididaeUroleucon sonchi
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon mierae

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

FILTER AND SORT TABLE

To filter the table above, add a text to the search field (top right of the table).
To sort a column click on an arrow after the column name (both ascending and descending).
Sort multiple columns with Shift + click on the arrows.

IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 14.viii.2022