Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Hypochaeris

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
flowerborerdoubtfulTortricidaeEucosma scorzonerana
flowerhiddenElachistidaeDepressaria badiella
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia asseclana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
flowerhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia longana
leaf budhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia conspersana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia pasiuana
flowerborerlarvaCurculionidaeGlocianus distinctus
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes setiger
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes proletella
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia inaequalis
stemborerAgromyzidaeMelanagromyza oligophaga
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia heringi
root collarvagrantdoubtfulPsyllidaeCraspedolepta sonchi
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis leontodontis
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae fabae
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus helichrysi
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
flowerborerTephritidaeCampiglossa achyrophori
flowerborerTephritidaeEnsina sonchi
flowergallAphididaeUroleucon hypochoeridis
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia hypochoeridis
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella compositarum
flowergallCecidomyiidaeJaapiella hypochoeridis
flowergallrarelyTephritidaeTephritis formosa
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis vespertina
flowergallTephritidaeCampiglossa producta
leafborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia beckeri
leafborerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia cunctata
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces cichoracearum
leafdownErysiphalesPodosphaera erigerontis-canadensis
leafdownPeronosporalesBremia lactucae
leafleaf spotEntylomatalesEntyloma maireanum
leafgallAgromyzidaePhytomyza cecidonomia
leafgallAphididaeAphis hypochoeridis
leafgallCynipidaeAulacidea andrei
leafgallEriophyidaeAceria hypochoerina
leafgalldoubtfulPsyllidaeCraspedolepta flavipennis
leafgallTaphrinalesProtomyces kriegerianus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza pusilla
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza strigata
leafminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia pulicaria
leafminerAgromyzidaePhytomyza marginella
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes insignis
leafminerDrosophilidaeScaptomyza flava
leafminerTephritidaeTrypeta immaculata
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia hypochaeridis
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia marquesii
leafpustuleuredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia montivaga
leafvagrantEriophyidaeEpitrimerus hypochoerisi
stemborerAgromyzidaeNapomyza lateralis
stemgallCynipidaePhanacis hypochoeridis
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama caudata
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeNasonovia ribisnigri
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
leafvagrantAphididaeAulacorthum palustre
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon cichorii
rootvagrantAphididaeAphis pernilleae
flowervagrantAphididaeUroleucon mierae
stemvagrantAphididaeUroleucon sonchi
root collarvagrantAphididaeProtaphis picridicola

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 8.iii.2020