Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Scorzonera

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeCercospora scorzonerae
leafleaf spotDothideomycetesAsteromella polonica
leafvagrantCoreidaeCeraleptus obtusus
leafvagrantMiridaeOrthocephalus proserpinae
leafvagrantCoreidaeHaploprocta sulcicornis
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus ligneus
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia podospermi
flowerborerAnthomyiidaeHeterostylodes macrura
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis scorzonerae
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis carmen
flowergallTephritidaeTephritis pulchra
flowerborerTephritidaeOrellia stictica
flowerborerTephritidaeEnsina sonchi
flowerhiddenThripidaeTenothrips frici
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips trehernei
flowerborerCurculionidaeGlocianus herbstii
flowerborerCurculionidaeGlocianus superstes
leafvagrantChrysomelidaeCassida panzeri
flowerborerTortricidaeEucosma scorzonerana
leafmineryounger larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenolder larvaTortricidaeCnephasia stephensiana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafminerCurculionidaeOrthochaetes setiger
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis recurrens
flowerborerTephritidaeTephritis hurvitzi
flowergallTephritidaeCampiglossa producta
leafleaf spotCapnodialesRamularia inaequalis
stemminerAgromyzidaeOphiomyia heringi
rootvagrantsummer generationAphididaeRectinasus buxtoni
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeAphis fabae
systemicborerAnguinidaeDitylenchus dipsaci
fruitgallCynipidaeAulacidea abdominalis
flowerborerTephritidaeTrupanea stellata
flowerborerTephritidaeOrellia scorzonerae
flowergallMicrobotryalesMicrobotryum scorzonerae
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces cichoracearum
leafdownErysiphalesGolovinomyces orontii
leafdownErysiphalesLeveillula picridis
leafdownPeronosporalesNovotelnova scorzonerae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeCystiphora scorzonerae
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza scorzonerae
leafpustuleAlbuginalesPustula obtusata
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia jackyana
leafpustuleaecia uredinia teliaPuccinialesPuccinia scorzonerae
stemgallCynipidaeAulacidea scorzonerae
rootgallLongidoridaeParalongidorus maximus
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
leafvagrantdoubtfulAphididaeBrachycaudus tragopogonis
rootvagrantAphididaeTrama troglodytes
leafvagrantsummer generationAphididaeBrachycaudus prunicola
leafvagrantAphididaeUroleucon scorzonerae
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis gossypii


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 13.viii.2022