Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Campanula persicifolia

peach-leaved bellflower

synonym: Campanula persicifolia subsp. subpyrenaica

organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
leaf leaf spot Phyllostictaceae Phyllosticta carpathica
leaf leaf spot Capnodiales Ramularia macrospora
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia satyrata
flower vagrant Geometridae Eupithecia subfuscata
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus ruscinonensis
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus distinctus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus graminis
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Miarus ajugae
leaf scale doubtful Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes proletella
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Geocrypta campanulae
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia heringi
stem miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza buhri
leaf vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon nigrocampanulae
fruit gall Curculionidae Miarus campanulae
flower down Peronosporales Peronospora corollae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura campanulae
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza gyrans
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza campanulae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza rapunculi
leaf miner Gelechiidae Orophia ferrugella
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Coleosporium campanulae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia campanulae
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Dysaphis sorbi
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus jaceae


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 1.xii.2022