organ parasitic mode stage note taxonomic group parasite
flower hidden Thripidae Thrips atratus
leaf hidden Tortricidae Lozotaenia forsterana
leaf miner younger larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden older larva Tortricidae Cnephasia asseclana
leaf hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia incertana
flower hidden Tortricidae Cnephasia genitalana
flower gall Eriophyidae Epitrimerus campanularius
unknown borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus ruscinonensis
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus plantarum
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus medius
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus longirostris
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus graminis
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus distinctus
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Miarus ajugae
fruit borer larva Curculionidae Cleopomiarus micros
leaf scale doubtful Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes proletella
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces bolayi
fruit borer Curculionidae Cleopomiarus meridionalis
leaf scale Aleyrodidae Aleyrodes lonicerae
root collar vagrant Aphididae Dysaphis brevirostris
vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon ariegense
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia stenophaga
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia campanularum
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia heringi
stem miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza buhri
leaf vagrant Triozidae Bactericera bucegica
fruit gall Curculionidae Miarus campanulae
flower down Peronosporales Peronospora corollae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Contarinia campanulae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura campanulae
flower gall Cecidomyiidae Geocrypta campanulae
flower gall Curculionidae Miarus abnormis
flower gall Eriophyidae Aceria chloranthes
flower gall Eriophyidae Aculus schmardae
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura campanularum
leaf bud gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura cecconiana
leaf down Erysiphales Golovinomyces orontii
leaf down Peronosporales Peronospora erinicola
leaf gall Aphididae Uroleucon rapunculoidis
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura acuminata
leaf gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura thomasi
leaf gall Eriophyidae Aceria campanulae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Liriomyza strigata
leaf miner Agromyzidae Amauromyza gyrans
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza campanulae
leaf miner Agromyzidae Phytomyza rapunculi
leaf miner Curculionidae Orthochaetes insignis
leaf miner Gelechiidae Orophia ferrugella
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium aureum
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium globosum
leaf pustule Chytridiales Synchytrium vulgatum
leaf pustule uredinia telia Pucciniales Coleosporium campanulae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia campanulae
leaf pustule telia Pucciniales Puccinia campanulae-herminii
leaf vagrant summer generation Aphididae Aphis fabae
leaf vagrant Eriophyidae Epitrimerus jaceae
stem gall Asterolecaniidae Planchonia arabidis
stem gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura rapunculi
stem gall Cynipidae Aylax trachelii
stem miner Agromyzidae Ophiomyia eucodonus
root collar borer Tephritidae Platyparea discoidea
root collar gall Actinomycetales Rhodococcus fascians
root collar vagrant summer generation Aphididae Dysaphis sorbi
root gall Plasmodiophorales Spongospora campanulae
unknown gall Cecidomyiidae Dasineura szepligetii
leaf vagrant Aphididae Myzus ascalonicus
flower vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon campanulae
leaf vagrant summer generation rarely Aphididae Cryptomyzus galeopsidis
leaf vagrant Aphididae Uroleucon nigrocampanulae
root vagrant Aphididae Aphis psammophila


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


mod 17.xii.2019