Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Sambucus

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeColocasia coryli
leafvagrantErebidaeCallimorpha dominula
leafvagrantErebidaeArctia caja
leafvagrantErebidaeSpilosoma lubricipeda
leafvagrantErebidaeDiaphora mendica
leafvagrantGeometridaePlagodis dolabraria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAscotis selenaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeOdontopera bidentata
root collarhiddenCrambidaeDuponchelia fovealis
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeOurapteryx sambucaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAngerona prunaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis repandata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEctropis crepuscularia
stemborerCurculionidaeZeuzera pyrina
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia subfuscata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia tripunctaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeGymnoscelis rufifasciata
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
leafvagrantSphingidaeAcherontia atropos
leafvagrantdoubtfulCicadellidaeEmpoasca dealbata
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca decipiens
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca apicalis
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
leafvagrantPhlaeothripidaeLiothrips austriacus
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips major
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips sambuci
leafhiddenThripidaeThrips tabaci
flowerhiddendoubtfulAeolothripidaeOrothrips priesneri
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus urticae
fruitborerKateretidaeHeterhelus scutellaris
fruitborerUnknown code!KateretidaeHeterhelus solani
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
leafvagrantdoubtfulCimbicidaeAbia aenea
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya alboannulata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya crassula
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya ribis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya albicincta
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania coronata
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura hebenstreitella
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes intermedius
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
leafvagrantAphididaeAphis spiraecola
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia sambuci
flowergallCecidomyiidaePlacochela nigripes
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe sambuci
leafdownrarelyErysiphalesErysiphe vanbruntiana
leafleaf spotCapnodialesCercospora depazeoides
leafgallEriophyidaeCallyntrotus trilobus
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus trilobus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza amoena
stemvagrantspring generationmainAphididaeAphis sambuci
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne ardenensis
inquilinedoubtfulCecidomyiidaeTrotteria ligustri
inquilineCecidomyiidaeArnoldiola sambuci
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 20.vii.2021