Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

Sambucus nigra


synonym: Sambucus laciniata

See Schliesske (2002a).

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
leafvagrantErebidaeHyphantria cunea
leafleaf spotCapnodialesPseudocercospora depazeoides
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMelanchra persicariae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia gothica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia cerasi
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEuplexia lucipara
leafvagrantNoctuidaePhlogophora meticulosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCosmia trapezina
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaeColocasia coryli
leafvagrantErebidaeSpilosoma lubricipeda
leafvagrantErebidaeDiaphora mendica
leafvagrantGeometridaeAscotis selenaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeOurapteryx sambucaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAngerona prunaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis repandata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEctropis crepuscularia
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia subfuscata
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia tripunctaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeGymnoscelis rufifasciata
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborinus saxesenii
stemborerCurculionidaeXyleborus dispar
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips major
leafvagrantThripidaeThrips sambuci
leafhiddenThripidaeThrips tabaci
flowerhiddendoubtfulAeolothripidaeOrothrips priesneri
leafvagrantTetranychidaeTetranychus urticae
stemvagrantFlatidaeMetcalfa pruinosa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya ribis
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya alboannulata
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeMacrophya albicincta
leafhiddenCrambidaeAnania coronata
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura hebenstreitella
flowerhiddenThripidaeFrankliniella intonsa
leafgallAphrophoridaePhilaenus spumarius
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafinquilineCecidomyiidaeArnoldiola sambuci
stemborerPsilidaeChyliza leptogaster
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia sambuci
leafdownrarelyErysiphalesErysiphe vanbruntiana
leafgallEriophyidaeEpitrimerus trilobus
leafminerAgromyzidaeLiriomyza amoena
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemvagrantspring generationmainAphididaeAphis sambuci


the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.


borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.


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The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.


Last modified 26.x.2021