Plant Parasites of Europe

leafminers, galls and fungi

genus Lonicera

organparasitic modestagenotetaxonomic groupparasite
stemkankerNectriaceaeNectria cinnabarina
stempustuleBotryosphaeriaceaeGuignardia traversoana
stempustuleDothioraceaeMetasphaeria lonicerae
stempustuleLeptospaeriaceaeLeptosphaeria surculorum
systemicdownSclerotiniaceaeBotrytis cinerea
rootfilmPlectosphaerellaceaeVerticillium albo-atrum
stemleaf spotAscomycota incertae sedisCryptosporium savulescui
leaffilmEnglerulaceaeSarcinella pulchra
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeMycosphaerella clymenia
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeSphaerella implexae
leafleaf spotPleosporaceaeStemphylium trichellum
leafleaf spotGlomerellaceaeColletotrichum gloeosporioides
leafleaf spotDothioraceaeKabatia latemarensis
leafleaf spotDothioraceaeKabatia mirabilis
leafleaf spotDothioraceaeKabatia periclymeni var. xylostei
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta tenerrima
leafleaf spotDidymellaceaeAscochyta sarmenticia
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaePassalora periclymeni
stemvagrantUnknown code!AphididaeTrichosiphonaphis polygonifoliae
leafleaf spotDothioraceaeKabatia periclymeni
leafleaf spotPhyllostictaceaePhyllosticta alpigena
leafleaf spotMycosphaerellaceaeRamularia lonicerae
leafvagrantdoubtfulLygaeidaeHeterogaster artemisiae
stemborerCossidaeZeuzera pyrina
fruitvagrantAcanthosomatidaeElasmostethus minor
predatorMiridaeCampyloneura virgula
leafvagrantTingidaeStephanitis pyri
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus biclavatus
leafvagrantMiridaeBrachycoleus steini
leafvagrantMiridaeDionconotus neglectus
leafvagrantMiridaeClosterotomus picturatus
leafvagrantLygaeidaeCaenocoris nerii
leafvagrantCoreidaeCeraleptus obtusus
leafvagrantPentatomidaePalomena viridissima
leafvagrantMiridaePlagiognathus reuterellus
leafvagrantCoreidaeCeraleptus lividus
leafvagrantdoubtfulCoreidaeCeraleptus gracilicornis
fruitvagrantAcanthosomatidaeElasmostethus minor
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus krattereri
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus aurifer
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus crataegi
leafvagrantadultCurculionidaeOtiorhynchus tenebricosus
leafvagrantAcanthosomatidaeElasmucha ferrugata
stemscalePseudococcidaePuto barberi
leafvagrantGeometridaeScopula nigropunctata
leafscaleCoccidaeProtopulvinaria pyriformis
leafscaleDiaspididaeAspidiotus nerii
stemscalePseudococcidaePseudococcus longispinus
scaleDiaspididaeHemiberlesia lataniae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEugraphe sigma
leafvagrantNoctuidaeEurois occulta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua fimbriata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua janthina
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia triangulum
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia baja
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXestia c-nigrum
stemborerCerambycidaeOberea pupillata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeNoctua comes
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiarsia mendica
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDiarsia brunnea
leafhiddenTortricidaeEpiphyas postvittana
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLacanobia thalassina
leafvagrantNoctuidaePolia nebulosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia cruda
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMelanchra persicariae
leafvagrantNoctuidaeOrthosia incerta
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAnorthoa munda
leafvagrantNoctuidaeLithophane socia
leafvagrantNoctuidaeBrachionycha nubeculosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAsteroscopus sphinx
leafvagrantdoubtfulNoctuidaePolymixis culoti
leafvagrantNoctuidaeMniotype satura
leafvagrantNoctuidaeXylocampa areola
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra pyramidea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAmphipyra perflua
leafvagrantNoctuidaeCalliergis ramosa
leafvagrantNoctuidaeHeliothis nubigera
leafvagrantNoctuidaePolyphaenis sericata
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa bractea
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa jota
leafvagrantNoctuidaeAutographa pulchrina
leafvagrantErebidaeArctornis l-nigrum
leafvagrantErebidaeRhyparia purpurata
leafvagrantErebidaeCallimorpha dominula
leafvagrantNoctuidaeDeltote pygarga
leafvagrantErebidaePericallia matronula
leafvagrantErebidaeArctia caja
leafvagrantGeometridaeCharissa intermedia
leafvagrantLasiocampidaeLasiocampa quercus
leafvagrantGeometridaeAspitates gilvaria
leafvagrantGeometridaePlagodis dolabraria
leafvagrantGeometridaeOpisthograptis luteolata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEpione repandaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeOdontopera bidentata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOurapteryx sambucaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeColotois pennaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAngerona prunaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeBiston strataria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis marginaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAgriopis bajaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeLycia hirtaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeDeileptenia ribeata
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia dentaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeSelenia tetralunaria
leafvagrantErebidaeEuplagia quadripunctaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeMenophra abruptaria
flowervagrantGeometridaeEupithecia tripunctaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeCrocallis elinguaria
leafleaf spotVenturialesLasiobotrys lonicerae
leafvagrantGeometridaeDysstroma citrata
leafvagrantGeometridaeHypomecis punctinalis
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlcis repandata
flowervagrantGeometridaeChloroclystis v-ata
leafvagrantGeometridaePeribatodes rhomboidaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeDysstroma truncata
leafvagrantGeometridaeOperophtera brumata
leafvagrantGeometridaeTrichopteryx polycommata
leafvagrantGeometridaeEupithecia exiguata
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas maturna
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas intermedia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeEuphydryas aurinia
leafvagrantNymphalidaeLimenitis reducta
leafvagrantNymphalidaeLimenitis camilla
leafvagrantGeometridaeApeira syringaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeAlsophila aescularia
leafvagrantGeometridaeHemithea aestivaria
leafvagrantGeometridaeErannis defoliaria
leafvagrantrarelySphingidaeHemaris tityus
leafvagrantSphingidaeSphinx ligustri
leafvagrantSphingidaeHippotion celerio
leafvagrantSphingidaeHemaris fuciformis
stemborerBuprestidaeAgrilus cyanescens
leafvagrantCixiidaeCixius cunicularius
leafvagrantIssidaeLatilica maculipes
leafvagrantCicadellidaeEmpoasca apicalis
inquilineTephritidaeChetostoma curvinerve
fruitborerTephritidaeRhagoletis flavicincta
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips brevicornis
leafvagrantThripidaeDrepanothrips reuteri
flowerhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips picipes
flowerhiddenThripidaeThrips flavus
leaf budhiddenThripidaeTaeniothrips inconsequens
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura lonicerae
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeNematus doebelii
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeEuura wahlbergi
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia fasciata
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia lonicerae
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia aenea
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia mutica
leafvagrantCimbicidaeAbia aurulenta
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo vespa
leafvagrantTenthredinidaeTenthredo livida
leafhiddenPamphilidaePamphilius thorwaldi
leafhiddenTortricidaeOrthotaenia undulana
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha falcella
leafhiddenChimabachidaeDasystoma salicella
leafhiddenYpsolophidaePhrealcia eximiella
leafhiddenYpsolophidaeYpsolopha dentella
leafvagrantYpsolophidaeYpsolopha nemorella
leafhiddenGelechiidaeAthrips mouffetella
leafhiddenTortricidaeEucosmomorpha albersana
leafhiddenTortricidaeDitula angustiorana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis consimilana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAphelia paleana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips rosana
leafhiddenTortricidaeArchips xylosteana
leafhiddenTortricidaeChoristoneura diversana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis heparana
leafhiddenTortricidaePandemis dumetana
leafhiddenTortricidaeCnephasia incertana
leafhiddendoubtfulTortricidaeDoloploca punctulana
leafhiddenTortricidaeAdoxophyes orana
leafhiddenTortricidaeClepsis rurinana
leafhiddenTortricidaeLozotaenia forsterana
fruitborerTortricidaeLobesia botrana
fruitborerTortricidaeEupoecilia ambiguella
leafvagrantTortricidaeAphelia viburniana
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCalepitrimerus periclymeni
leafvagrantEriophyidaePhyllocoptes lonicerae
flowergallCecidomyiidaePlacochela nigripes
leafscaleAleyrodidaeTrialeurodes vaporariorum
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleyrodes lonicerae
leafscaleAleyrodidaePealius quercus
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAleurolobus wunni
leafscaleAleyrodidaeAsterobemisia carpini
flowervagrantdoubtfulAphididaeHyadaphis coriandri
stemscaleDiaspididaeLepidosaphes ulmi
leafscaleCoccidaeCoccus hesperidum
leafinquilineCecidomyiidaeArnoldiola sambuci
stemborerSesiidaeSynanthedon soffneri
leafscaleCoccidaePulvinaria hydrangeae
leafgallAphididaeBrachycorynella lonicerina
stemvagrantAphididaeTrichosiphonaphis alpestris
stemvagrantAphididaeMacrosiphum oredonense
fruitgallTephritidaeRhagoletis cerasi
fruitgalldoubtfulTephritidaeMyoleja lucida
flowergallAlucitidaeAlucita hexadactyla
flowergallCecidomyiidaeContarinia lonicerearum
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe lonicerae var. ehrenbergii
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe lonicerae var. lonicerae
leafdownErysiphalesErysiphe magnusii
leafleaf spotHelotialesCristulariella depraedans
leafleaf spotPlatygloealesInsolibasidium deformans
leafgallspring generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus lonicerae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeRhopalomyzus poae
leafgallspring generationAphididaeSemiaphis sphondylii
leafgallspring generationAphididaeHyadaphis foeniculi
leafgallspring generationAphididaeHyadaphis passerinii
leafgallspring generationAphididaeProciphilus xylostei
leafgallAphididaeHyadaphis bicincta
leafgallAphididaeHyadaphis tataricae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeContarinia lonicerae
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura excavans
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura periclymeni
leafgallCecidomyiidaeDasineura xylostei
leafgallCecidomyiidaeMacrolabis lonicerae
leafgallEriophyidaeAculus xylostei
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza atlantidis
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza cornigera
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza fallax
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza flavoscutellata
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza hendeliana
leafminerAgromyzidaeAulagromyza luteoscutellata
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia alpigenae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia aprilina
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia isicae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia lonicerae
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia nervi
leafminerAgromyzidaeChromatomyia periclymeni
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora ahenella
leafminerColeophoridaeColeophora violacea
leafminerCurculionidaeRhynchaenus xylostei
leafminerElachistidaePerittia herrichiella
leafminerElachistidaePerittia obscurepunctella
leafminerElachistidaePerittia weberella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter emberizaepenella
leafminerGracillariidaePhyllonorycter trifasciella
leafminerNepticulidaeStigmella lonicerarum
leafpustuleaeciaPuccinialesPuccinia festucae
leafvagrantspring generationAphididaeSemiaphis noli-tangere
leafvagrantEriophyidaeCallyntrotus lonicerae
stemgallAlucitidaePterotopteryx dodecadactyla
stemgallTenthredinidaeHoplocampoides xylostei
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne ardenensis
rootgallMeloidogynidaeMeloidogyne hapla
predatorTephritidaeChetostoma stackelbergi
stemscaleCoccidaeParthenolecanium corni
stemvagrantAphididaeTrichosiphonaphis corticis

Organ

the part of the plant that most conspicuously is hit by the parasite

all buds: both flower buds and leaf buds
flower: also inflorescence
leaf: also needle, phyllodium, petiole
leaf bud: also unfolding young leaf
fruit: also seed
root: also root stock, runners
root collar: also the lowest part of the stem
stem: also culm, the lower part of the peduncle, in grasses also leaf sheath
systemic: the entire above-ground plant.

PARASITIC MODE

borer: larva living internally, almost no outwards signs
down: 0.5-2 mm high fungal down
film: very thin cover of fungal tussue
gall: swelling and/or malformation
grazer: feeding at the outside of the plant
leaf spot: discoloured, often ± necrotic, generally not galled, sign of a fungus infection
miner-borer: larve initially makes a mine, lives as a borer later
pustule: plug of fungal tissue, generally brown-black and < 2 mm
stripe: longitudinal line of fungal tissue in a grass leaf
vagrant: (aphids, mites) living freely on the plant, at higher densitiy causing malformations.

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IMPORTANT

The host plant spectre of a parasite is rarely known exhaustively; this applies in particular at the species level. It is advisable therefore to check at least also the list of all parasites of this genus.

 

Last modified 19.xi.2022